This vital reference work looks at current areas of debate in genocide studies to provide insights into what a genocide is, why genocides occur, and what the consequences are once a genocide is recognized as such. It also illuminates how and why rational people can view the same set of circumstances as genocide or not, and how it might be possible in the future to alleviate or even prevent genocide. Dozens of accomplished scholars provide perceptive insights into the controversies and issues that dominate genocide discussions.
The book is organized into five parts. The first considers how genocide is defined, while the second covers the pre-1945 period as it includes such controversial topics as the American Indian Wars, Australian Aborigines, Irish Potato Famine, Armenian Genocide, Ukrainian Starvation, and Holocaust. A Cold War section examines genocidal violence in Cambodia, East Timor, and Guatemala and against the Kurds; a post-Cold War period section covers Bosnia, Rwanda, Darfur, and the Rohingya in Myanmar. The final part concerns such issues as genocide prevention, humanitarian intervention, and the role of military personnel as perpetrators of genocide.
- Offers up-to-date coverage on controversial issues related to genocide, including the atrocities perpetrated against the Rohingya in Myanmar
- Includes engaging and carefully outlined essays from such well-known experts as Michael Berenbaum, Roger W. Smith, Colin Tatz, and Henry C. Theriault
- Presents differing perspectives on issues discussed and assists the reader in developing an informed opinion
- Explains what genocide is and how the concept can be abused
- Suggests several ways in which the risk of genocide can be minimized or averted in the future