Encyclopedia of American Indian Removal
by Daniel F. Littlefield, Jr., and James W. Parins, Editors
January 2011, 615pp, 7x10
2 volumes, Greenwood

Hardcover: 978-0-313-36041-1
$182, £135, 152€, A260
eBook Available: 978-0-313-36042-8
Please contact your preferred eBook vendor for pricing.

It is untrue that all Native Americans removed from their lands in the 1800s were forced to travel barefoot, were relocated by the U.S. Army, or had their families separated. However, the liquidation of Indian land titles in the pre-Civil War decades did lay the groundwork for the manifest destiny desires of America after the war.

This work is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Indian removal that accurately presents the removal process as a political, economic, and tribally complicit affair.

In 1830, Andrew Jackson became the first U.S. president to implement removal of Native Americans with the passage of the Indian Removal Act. Less than a decade later, tens of thousands of Native Americans—Cherokee, Chickasaw, Muscogee-Creek, Seminole, and others—were forcibly moved from their tribal lands to enable settlement by Caucasians of European origin.

Encyclopedia of American Indian Removal presents a realistic depiction of removal as a complicated process that was deeply affected by political, economic, and tribal factors, rather than the popular romanticized concept of American Indians being herded west by military troops through a trackless wilderness. This work is presented in two volumes. Volume One contains essays on subjects and people that are general in scope and arranged alphabetically by subject; Volume Two is dedicated to primary documents regarding Indian removal and examines specific information about political debates, Indian responses to removal policy, and removals of individual tribes.


  • Contains insightful information from 16 contributors
  • Presents Georgia Laws in 1828 and 1830
  • Provides a chronological timetable of Indian removal
  • Includes an annotated bibliography of Indian removal to facilitate further research
Daniel F. Littlefield, Jr., is director of the Sequoyah Research Center at University of Arkansas at Little Rock. He is author or editor of more than 20 books in Native American studies.

James W. Parins is professor of English and director of the American Native Press Archives at University of Arkansas at Little Rock. An internationally known biographer of American Indians, Parins is author and editor of nearly 20 books in native studies.


"This set is going to be especially useful in public and secondary libraries. First of all, the general population is interested in the topic. Second, there are many social-studies teachers today who are doing DBQs (documents-based questions), and this set will answer many of their needs."—Booklist, June 1, 2011

"Clear, concise, and well-researched, this set provides an excellent overview of a notorious era in American history. Any student of American history will find this set a valuable source of information; recommended for the reference collection of any library."—Library Journal, April 15, 2011

"This new encyclopedia will be useful for undergraduate libraries supporting programs in American history or Native American studies. Recommended. Lower-level undergraduates and general readers."—Choice, July 1, 2011
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