Modern Slavery
A Reference Handbook
by Christina G. Villegas
October 2020, 306pp, 6x9
1 volume, ABC-CLIO

Hardcover: 978-1-4408-5976-2
$65, £50, 57€, A90
eBook Available: 978-1-4408-5977-9
Please contact your preferred eBook vendor for pricing.

Today, an estimated 21 to 45 million people are enslaved—more than at any other point in history—and the pandemic continues to grow across the globe.

Modern Slavery: A Reference Handbook provides a thorough treatment of the evolving scope, nature, and contexts of modern slavery and a discussion of prevention and abolition efforts in an accessible format for high school and college readers.

Modern Slavery: A Reference Handbook addresses essential questions about slavery in its contemporary manifestations. The book examines the growing epidemic and recent contexts of modern slavery in the United States and throughout the world, and describes in detail what caused it, whom it impacts, and what can be (and is being) done about it. It also explores the various contributing factors and how governmental and nongovernmental agencies can better engage in prevention and eradication.

The volume opens with chapters providing information on contemporary slavery, followed by a discussion of the causes, consequences, and possible solutions. The next chapter includes essays from a diverse range of contributors, providing useful perspectives to round out the author’s expertise. The book concludes with a collection of data and documents; an overview of important people, organizations, and resources relating to the issue; a chronology; and a glossary of key terms.


  • Provides a foundation for general readers who want to learn more about the evolving nature, scope, and context of modern slavery in an easy-to understand fashion
  • Allows arguments to be heard from a variety of individuals, including policy experts, victim advocates, and survivors, in a perspectives chapter
  • Gives general readers a better of understanding of who is involved in combating modern slavery, and provides a foundation for further research in profile and references chapters
Christina G. Villegas, PhD, is associate professor of political science at California State University, San Bernardino. She has written a variety of articles and books on topics relating to the American Founding, the U.S. Constitution, and public policy.

Contemporary World Issues

This award-winning series offers comprehensive, one-volume reference handbooks on important topics related to health, education, the environment, and social and ethical issues.

24-hour cable news. Millions of internet sites. Information overload. How can we sort through the information? Assess the analyses? Trust the sources?

A world of questions demands a library of answers. Contemporary World Issues covers the controversial topics that students, readers, and citizens want to read about, write about, and know more about.


Subject coverage spans six main categories:

  • Criminal Justice
  • Environment
  • Gender and Ethnicity
  • Politics, Law, and Government
  • Science, Technology, and Medicine
  • Society
Each volume offers a rich array of resources:
  • A background and history essay that provides essential context and grounding for further study
  • A balanced summary of ongoing controversies and proposed solutions that show numerous paths for further research on pressing, contemporary questions
  • A forum of authoritative perspective essays by experts, offering a broad spectrum of arguments on the issues
  • Carefully selected annotated documents, tables, and graphs that support statistical literacy and investigation of primary sources
  • A chronology of events, legislation, and movements that place events in sequence and draw connections between them
  • Annotated lists of print, web, and multimedia resources that power the next steps for in-depth research
  • Profiles of key players and organizations
  • A glossary of key terms
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