Indoctrination to Hate
Recruitment Techniques of Hate Groups and How to Stop Them
by Edward W. Dunbar, Editor
February 2022, 351pp, 6 1/8x9 1/4
1 volume, Praeger

Hardcover: 978-1-4408-5700-3
$63, £47, 55€, A86
eBook Available: 978-1-4408-5701-0
Please contact your preferred eBook vendor for pricing.

There has been an “explosive” rise in hate groups in the U.S., according to the Southern Poverty Law Center, with a 14 percent increase from only 2014 to 2015.

This collection spotlights the impact of hate violence on individuals and communities as well as how people form biases and are indoctrinated into hate groups, why they participate in violent hate crimes, and how hate may become extreme.

This book details the solicitation and indoctrination of members into extremist hate groups. Using theoretical, empirical, and field studies, experts explain the psychological processes of bias formation, hate identity, and the stages of extremism, and detail first-person accounts of hate group membership and critical incidents of hate violence. Contributors draw significantly upon the current wave of reactionary political and racial intolerance witnessed in the United States and Europe in addressing specific groups and forms of hate extremism as found across different cultural and geographic regions.

A statistically based analysis of how hate and ideology each contribute to political extremism accompanies the text and provides a long-term perspective of hate-based lifestyles. The book also offers a neuroscientific explanation of hate ideology as a psychological problem presenting a unique perspective, and a discussion of the interplay of governments and stakeholders in the untangling of the legal issues of hate crimes and of domestic and international terrorism. This text will be useful for students, researchers, and professionals in the social and behavioral sciences, law enforcement, criminal justice, and political science.


  • Illustrates conflicts and injuries found in our communities due to the activity of hate groups
  • Presents recruitment and membership retention tactics of various hate groups and approaches to countering them
  • Examines the neuropsychology of hate as a motivator in perpetrating intergroup violence
  • Offers a contrary perspective in the form of personal narratives from people who have been involved in terrorism, lynchings, honor-killings, and other hate-motivated violence
Edward W. Dunbar, PhD is a practicing psychologist in metropolitan Los Angeles. He has served as coordinator of the Los Angeles Regional White House Program on Hate Crimes; development coordinator for the LA County District Attorney’s Office Hate Victim Mental Health Panel; and coordinator of the Conference on Hate Crimes Research, Policy, and Action for the California Psychological Association. Dunbar is author of Hate Crimes Unleashed: America’s Cataclysmic Change and coeditor of The Psychology of Hate Crimes as Domestic Terrorism: U.S. and Global Issues.
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