Middle East Conflicts from Ancient Egypt to the 21st Century
An Encyclopedia and Document Collection [4 volumes]
by Spencer C. Tucker, Editor
August 2019, 1818pp, 8 1/2x11
4 volumes, ABC-CLIO

Hardcover: 978-1-4408-5352-4
$471, £363, 410€, A646
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eBook Available: 978-1-4408-5353-1
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The Middle East’s strategic location astride three continents—Africa, Asia, and Europe—has made the region a focal point of numerous rivalries, conflicts, and wars throughout history.

With more than 1,100 cross-referenced entries covering every aspect of conflict in the Middle East, this definitive scholarly reference provides readers with a substantial foundation for understanding contemporary history in the most volatile region in the world.

This authoritative and comprehensive encyclopedia covers all the key wars, insurgencies, and battles that have occurred in the Middle East roughly between 3100 BCE and the early decades of the twenty-first century. It also discusses the evolution of military technology and the development and transformation of military tactics and strategy from the ancient world to the present. In addition to the hundreds of entries on major conflicts, military engagements, and diplomatic developments, the book also features entries on key military, political, and religious leaders. Essays on the major empires and nations of the region are included, as are overview essays on the major periods under consideration.

The book additionally covers such non-military subjects as diplomacy, national and international politics, religion and sectarian conflict, cultural phenomena, genocide, international peacekeeping missions, social movements, and the rise to prominence of international terrorism. The reference entries are augmented by a carefully curated documents volume that offers primary sources on such diverse topics as the Greco-Persian Wars, the Crusades, and the Arab-Israeli Wars.


  • Provides more than 1,100 A–Z entries on various military, political, and social topics connected with conflict in the Middle East
  • Features contributions from approximately 200 distinguished scholars and independent historians from a variety of disciplines
  • Devotes a full volume to key documents relevant to conflict in the Middle East throughout history
  • Includes more than 100 illustrations depicting conflict in the Middle East, plus dozens of maps depicting major geopolitical relationships, large scale military operations, and individual battles on land and sea
Spencer C. Tucker, PhD, has been senior fellow in military history at ABC-CLIO since 2003. He is the author or editor of more than 60 books and encyclopedias, many of which have won prestigious awards. Tucker's last academic position before his retirement from teaching was the John Biggs Chair in Military History at the Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, VA. He has been a Fulbright scholar, a visiting research associate at the Smithsonian Institution, and, as a U.S. Army captain, an intelligence analyst in the Pentagon. His recently published works include World War I: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection, Wars That Changed History: 50 of the World's Greatest Conflicts, and Enduring Controversies in Military History: Critical Analyses and Context, all published by ABC-CLIO.
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