The Roots and Consequences of 20th-Century Warfare
Conflicts That Shaped the Modern World
by Spencer C. Tucker
September 2016, 545pp, 7x10
1 volume, ABC-CLIO

Hardcover: 978-1-61069-801-6
$110, £82, 92€, A158
eBook Available: 978-1-61069-802-3
Please contact your preferred eBook vendor for pricing.

The impact of 20th-century conflicts—whether early in the 20th century, like World War I, or relatively recent, like the Yugoslav Wars—are still felt today.

This unique reference book introduces readers to the causes and effects of the 20th century's most significant conflicts—and explains how the impact of these conflicts still resonates today.

The Roots and Consequences of 20th-Century Warfare: Conflicts That Shaped the Modern World introduces students to the causes and effects of the 20th century’s most significant conflicts. Covering conflicts that occurred in all regions of the world, readers will gain knowledge on the causes and consequences of each conflict and become familiar with the historical context needed to understand the roots and consequences of these seminal events. The text also identifies key opponents in each conflict and illuminates the reasons why each country or group decided to fight, the scope of their involvement in the war, and the impact of the war.

Reference entries on key battles are presented in chronological order, supplying engaging details on the events and people who shaped each war. The book also supplies maps of the key battles to illuminate the strategic movements of both sides of the conflict. A lengthy bibliography offers a wealth of options to readers seeking more sources of information on any of the conflicts.


  • Supplies introductory essays that provide detailed overviews of each conflict, as well as an in-depth look at the causes and consequences of these critical 20th-century events
  • Enables students to improve their critical thinking by helping them to identify, analyze, and evaluate the relationships among multiple historical causes and effects
  • Offers clear, accessible coverage of key 20th-century conflicts, such as the Irish Civil War, the Spanish Civil War, African Independence Wars, the Iran-Iraq War, and others
Spencer C. Tucker retired in 2003 after 36 years of university teaching, the last six as holder of the John Biggs Chair in Military History at the Virginia Military Institute. He is currently Senior Fellow in Military History for ABC-CLIO Publishing. He has written or edited 57 books or encyclopedias treating military and naval history, a number of which have won important awards. Among his works is the five-volume set World War I: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection.


"This comprehensive volume has much to offer both academic and public libraries looking for a reference work about warfare in the twentieth century."—Booklist, January 5, 2017

"Its main value lays in the overall picture it gives of conflict, particularly some of the lesser-known events of the period (e.g., the Malay Emergency). . . . [I]n fact, its overall point is perhaps best appreciated when read in whole, as a monograph . . . the bibliographies serve as an adequate starting point for further research for beginning students. Summing Up: Recommended. High school, community college, undergraduate students; general readers."—Choice, March 1, 2017

"Overall, this is an excellent exploration of several conflicts that shaped the twentieth century and beyond."—ARBA, March 13, 2017

"Intricately written, this is best for college-aged students of military history. However, the summaries and time lines make this work accessible for savvy high school students or curious general readers."—Library Journal, September 1, 2017
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