Eco-Warriors, Nihilistic Terrorists, and the Environment
by Lawrence E. Likar
April 2011, 274pp, 6 1/8x9 1/4
1 volume, Praeger

Hardcover: 978-0-313-39236-8
$55, £41, 48€, A75
eBook Available: 978-0-313-39237-5
Please contact your preferred eBook vendor for pricing.

Terrorism and the endangered, natural environment are among the most significant, societal problems of the 21st century. Since 1990, 18 violent conflicts have been fueled by the exploitation of natural resources. This link between the natural environment and terrorism, although not widely understood, presents a critical security problem for governments and multinational companies.

The first book to thoroughly address the topic, this volume examines the ideologies, tactics, and goals of environmental terrorists and offers a security planning methodology to defend against their attacks.

To counter eco-terrorism, we must understand why it occurs. Eco-Warriors, Nihilistic Terrorists, and the Environment is a comprehensive examination of the vulnerability of the natural environment, of its nexus with the strategic goals of terrorists, and of a security-planning methodology that can prevent or ameliorate environmentally linked attacks.

The first book to comprehensively address the prevention of environmentally focused terrorism, this work looks at the environment and the private and government facilities that impact it as assets to be protected. Focusing on the capability of lone-wolf terrorists and small, self-radicalizing cells to commit effective violent acts, security expert Lawrence E. Likar furnishes personality and operational profiles of both nihilistic and eco-warrior terrorists, showcasing an essential component of the behavioral-science-based, security-planning methodology he promotes. Most critically, the book addresses the gap in current security-planning methodology and literature, and it reveals novel intelligence-gathering techniques, operational procedures, and countermeasures designed to defend against attacks.


  • Maps of environmental hot spots that are areas of potential threat
  • Attack-tree schematics
  • Photographs
Lawrence E. Likar, JD, is associate professor and chair of the Department of Justice, Law, and Security at La Roche College, Pittsburgh, PA. Likar is a retired supervisory special agent of the FBI who specialized in the investigation and apprehension of violent criminals and major offenders. He has appeared as a commentator/guest expert on the CNN and FOX news networks.


"Few books on terrorism address the future by looking squarely at the past. This one does and it is frightening! From one of America’s true unsung heroes, former FBI Counterterrorism Special Agent Larry Likar. This is a must read for anyone who cares for what is about to come."—Joe Navarro, FBI Special Agent (Ret.) and Author of the International Best Seller What Every Body is Saying and Hunting Terrorists, a Look at the Psychopathology of Terror

"Larry Likar has managed to produce a book that is engaging and readable without sacrificing the required academic rigor such an exercise demands. Eco-Warriors will appeal equally to students, researchers and security professionals as well as criminal investigators. Likar brings his message to life with real world examples and interesting anecdotes involving a fascinating cast of characters that includes everyone from Machiavelli to Thoreau to Lynette 'Squeaky' Fromme. This is the best security book I’ve read in a long time."—Regis W. Becker, Chief Compliance Officer, PPG Industries

Praeger Security International

International security in the 21st century is not a topic that can be adequately addressed in nightly news soundbites or online articles intended to be relevant for 24 hours or less. Comprehending these complex issues requires insight from foreign policy specialists, diplomats, military officials, peace scholars, historians, and security experts—participants and observers on all sides of each conflict. This series provides the tools for understanding security issues in our uncertain, unstable world.

Covering global hot spots from Iran to Venezuela and subjects ranging from terrorism and cyber warfare to food security, books in the Praeger Security International series give readers access to carefully considered and highly informed viewpoints on the critical security issues that threaten to destabilize our world. With titles authored by diplomats, academic researchers, journalists, military leaders and combatants, legal experts, psychologists, and other knowledgeable specialists, these books offer in-depth analysis and international perspectives that are unavailable in the mass media. These titles represent an invaluable resource for students, researchers, and policymakers as well as for anyone who seeks a deeper understanding of the complex issues that affect our lives and future.


• Provides reliable, comprehensive information on all matters relating to security that is ideal for students, teachers, researchers, and professionals • Offers insightful commentaries written by a diverse group of scholars and experts who provide interdisciplinary treatments of newsworthy events and important historical occurrences
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