Black Power Encyclopedia
From 'Black Is Beautiful' to Urban Uprisings [2 volumes]
by Akinyele Umoja, Karin L. Stanford, and Jasmin A. Young, Editors
July 2018, 904pp, 7x10
2 volumes, Greenwood

Hardcover: 978-1-4408-4006-7
$198, £153, 173€, A272
Please contact your preferred distributor for pricing.
eBook Available: 978-1-4408-4007-4
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The Black Power Movement encompassed a variety of ideological responses, including revolutionary nationalism, cultural nationalism, Black capitalism, Black feminism, and Pan-Africanism.

An invaluable resource that documents the Black Power Movement by its cultural representation and promotion of self-determination and self-defense, and showcases the movement's influence on Black communities in America from 1965 to the mid-1970s.

Unlike the Civil Rights Movement’s emphasis on the rhetoric and practice of nonviolence and social and political goal of integration, Black Power was defined by the promotion of Black self-determination, Black consciousness, independent Black politics, and the practice of armed self-defense. Black Power changed communities, curriculums, and culture in the United States and served as an inspiration for social justice internationally. This unique two-volume set provides readers with an understanding of Black Power’s important role in the turbulence, social change, and politics of the 1960s and 1970s in America and how the concepts of the movement continue to influence contemporary Black politics, culture, and identity.

Cross-disciplinary and broad in its approach, Black Power Encyclopedia: From “Black Is Beautiful” to Urban Uprisings explores the emergence and evolution of the Black Power Movement in the United States some 50 years ago. The entries examine the key players, organizations and institutions, trends, and events of the period, enabling readers to better understand the ways in which African Americans broke through racial barriers, developed a positive identity, and began to feel united through racial pride and the formation of important social change organizations. The encyclopedia also covers the important impact of the more militant segments of the movement, such as Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam and the Black Panthers.


  • Gives students and general readers a comprehensive overview of the Black Power Movement and an understanding of its importance within the turbulence and politics of the 1960s and 1970s in the United States as well as in the context of modern-day civil rights
  • Provides insight into important concepts such as Black self-determination, Black consciousness, independent Black politics, and independent institutions
  • Features contributions from premier Black Power scholars as well as Black Power activists
  • Offers topical and biographical entries, a timeline of events, and a bibliography of key print and nonprint sources of additional information
Akinyele Umoja is a professor and chair of the Department of African-American Studies at Georgia State University. He is the author of We Will Shoot Back: Armed Resistance and the Mississippi Freedom Movement. In 2014, the National Council of Black Studies (NCBS) acknowledged We Will Shoot Back as the best book in Africana studies. Umoja's research has also been featured in several scholarly publications, including Souls, The Journal of Black Studies, New Political Science, The International Journal of Africana Studies, The Black Scholar, Radical History Review. He also contributed to Blackwell's A Companion to African American History, The Black Panther Party [Reconsidered], and Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy. He is also active in promoting Black/ Africana studies. Umoja was the 2013 recipient of the NCBS President Award for outstanding contribution to African-American Studies and serves on the editorial board of The Black Scholar.

Karin L. Stanford, PhD, is professor of Africana studies at California State University, Northridge. She holds a doctorate in political science from Howard University and specializes in African American politics and international relations. Her teaching interests are African American politics, race and public policy, and social movements. Stanford has written several books and academic articles, including If We Must Die: African American Voices on War and Peace and the article "Keepin' it Real in Hip Hop Politics: A Political Perspective of Tupac Shakur" published in Journal of Black Studies. Her most recent book, Nine Lives of a Black Panther: A Story of Survival, was coauthored with Wayne Pharr, a former member of the Southern California chapter of the Black Panther Party. Stanford is a board member of the National Council for Black Studies and an advisory board member of the California Black Women's Health Project.

Jasmin A. Young is a historian of 20th-century African American history with specializations in women and gender. Her research interests include Black women's intellectual history, Black radicalism, resistance, the Black Freedom Movement, and Black feminism. She holds a bachelor's degree in Africana Studies from California State University, Northridge, a master's degree in African American Studies from Columbia University, and a Master of Science degree in Gender Studies from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Young received her PhD from Rutgers University, New Brunswick in African American History. She is a recipient of the Ford Foundation Dissertation Fellowship, a Keto Fellow for the National Council for Black Studies, and a University of California Presidential Postdoctoral Fellow at UCLA. Her work has appeared in a variety of publications including SOULS: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture and Society; The Black Scholar; and The Journal of African American History.


2019 Outstanding Reference Source — Reference and User Services Association—RUSA, January 27, 2019

2019 Top 10 Diverse Adult Books - Nonfiction—Booklist, February 1, 2019

Best Reference Book of 2018—Library Journal, March 1, 2019

Top 10 Reference Books: 2019—Booklist, May 15, 2019

2019 Choice Outstanding Academic Title—Choice, December 1, 2019


"This outstanding portrait of a fascinating and influential chapter of American life is indispensable for any library serving those interested in African American studies, cultural studies, and race relations."—Library Journal, Starred Review, November 1, 2018

"Umoja, Stanford, and Young, all prominent Africana studies scholars, gathered a wide range of contributors . . . bringing a balance of academic expertise and community activism to the clearly written, well-documented essays on people, places, and events in the Black Power Movement. . . . Historical perspective, updated information, cross references, and suggestions for further reading make the work valuable for both contemporary understanding and for providing a pathway to additional political and cultural research on the movement. Overview essays and an accurate, detailed index further the reference value. An excellent choice for high school, college, and public libraries."—Booklist, Starred Review, November 1, 2018

"This attractive two-volume set is an ideal gateway for students who want to begin researching the people, events, and philosophies of the Black Power movement in the U.S. . . . Summing Up: Highly recommended for high school, college, and university libraries."—Choice, January 1, 2019

"Excellent . . . this set is essential for U.S. cultural history collections."—ARBA, October 9, 2018
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