Humans are deeply dependent on fishing—globally, fish comprise 15 percent of the protein intake for approximately 3 billion people, and 8 percent of the global population depends on the fishing industry as their livelihood. The global fishing industry is plagued by illegal fishing, however, and many highly commercial species, such as cod, tuna, orange roughy, and swordfish, are extremely vulnerable.
Through criminological analysis, The Last Fish Swimming emphasizes the importance of looking at specific environmental factors that make illegal fishing possible. It examines such factors as proximity to known ports where illegally caught fish can be landed without inspection (i.e., ports of convenience), fisheries monitoring, control and surveillance efforts, formal surveillance, and resource attractiveness in 53 countries that altogether represent 96 percent of the world’s fish catch. The book calls upon the global community to address the illegal depletion of the world’s fish stock and other similar threats to the world’s food supply and natural environment in order to ensure the sustainability of the planet’s fish and continuation of the legal fishing industry for generations to come.
- Provides a criminological analysis of illegal fishing through the application of two important environmental criminology perspectives (rational choice and situational crime prevention)
- Highlights the countries most at risk, i.e. hot spots of illegal fishing, and the ports most frequently used to land illegally caught fish
- Discusses environmental factors that increase or reduce the risk of illegal fishing
- Includes summary tables on the most vulnerable species and on global, regional, and local factors contributing to illegal fishing
- Provides a toolbox of empirically founded policy recommendations on how illegal fishing can be stopped