Part of ABC-CLIO’s Nature and Human Societies series, this book covers the key environmental developments in the Mediterranean throughout recorded history. Case studies chart the agricultural problems of ancient Mesopotamia, how climatic change contributed to the downfall of the Roman Empire, and the impact of dam building at Aswan on the Nile.
Of particular interest are the book’s sections dealing with the impact of human colonization on the flora and fauna of the early Mediterranean and the extinction of creatures such as dwarf elephants and giant shrews. Especially important, given the ongoing conflicts in the region, are the examples cited of the adverse environmental impact of Western colonization and how human exploitation of the earth’s natural resources has led to unforeseen disasters.
- A chronology covers the key events in the region's environmental history as well as the impact of political and economic developments on the environment
- Detailed maps illustrate environmental changes throughout the entire period—from Spain to Iraq