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The Psychology of Resolving Global Conflicts

From War to Peace

by Mari Fitzduff, Chris E. Stout, ed.

 

This remarkable collection reveals the psychological intricacies of war, conflict resolution, and peace, from the effects of civil war to the process by which everyday people are transformed into perpetrators of genocide, from what primates can teach us about peacemaking to what it takes to create and maintain a stable peace.

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Cover image for The Psychology of Resolving Global Conflicts

December 2005

Praeger

Pages 1088
Volumes 3
Size 6 1/8x9 1/4
Topics Psychology/General

A team of top experts from across the nation and around the world presents issues of war, conflict resolution, and stable peace. They explain how men and women are transformed into perpetrators of genocide, how neighbors become sworn enemies, the cultural and psychological origins of war, and even the neuropsychology of conflict. Considering these elements together allows us to understand more clearly the violent world that surrounds us, and it serves as a precursor for examining models for resolving conflict and building peace. Finally, an exploration of what a successful war means for stakeholders holds profound implications for what a victory in the war against terrorism would look like.

These books bring attention to a variety of elements that will inform military studies, psychology, and sociology scholars and students. It will also inform researchers in many fields and at many levels who aim to understand the underlying causes of longstanding and emerging conflicts and the methods that may finally bring resolution and peace.

Table of Contents

Volume One: Nature vs. NurtureSeries Foreword: by Chris E. StoutEnding Wars: Developments, Theories, and Practice by Mari FitzduffHuman Nature, Ethnic Violence, and War by Melvin KonnerTribal, "Ethnic," and Global Wars, by R. Brian FergusonThe Neuropsychology of Conflict: Implications for Peacemaking, by Douglas NollBecoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing, by James WallerFundamentalism, Violence, and War, by Harold EllensHumiliation, Killing, War, and Gender, by Evelin G. LindnerLessons for the Rest of Us: Learning from Peaceful Societies, by Bruce Bonta and Douglas FryIntegrative Complexity and Decisionmaking in International Confrontations, by Peter Suedfeld, D. Leighton, and L. G. ConwayEmotion, Alienation, and Narratives in Protracted Conflict, by Suzanne Retzinger and Thomas ScheffThe Capacity for Religious Experience Is an Evolutionary Adaptation to Warfare, by Allen MacNeillConflict Transformation: A Group Relations Perspective, by Tracy WallachMapping Theories of Practice and Change in Ethnic Conflict Interventions, by Daniel Shapiro and Vanessa LiuConclusions: What Can We Do? by Mari FitzduffVolume Two: Group and Social FactorsSeries Foreword: Chris E. StoutEnding Wars: Developments, Theories, and Practice, by Mari FitzduffThe Cultural and Psychological Origins of War with Notes on Prevention, by Ervin StaubThe Cultural Constructions of Conflict and Peace, by Paul PedersenIntrastate Conflict: Instigation, Propagation, and Resolution, by Neil FergusonContributory Ingredients in Conflict and Warring, by Chris E. StoutIntergroup Contact and the Improvement of Intergroup Relations, by Nicole Tausch, Jared Kenworthy, and Miles HewstoneLessons from Interactive Problem Solving for the Policy Process, by Herb KelmanDialogue and Social Justice in Workshops of Jews and Arabs in Israel, by Ifat MaozNational Identity Formation and Conflict Intentions, by Karyna KorostelinaAdolescents and Political Violence, by Brian Barber, Julie Schluterman, Ellen Denny, and Robert McCouchViolence Begets Violence: The Consequences of Violence Become Causation, by Rachel MacNairIntimate Enemies: Towards a Social Psychology of Reconciliation, by Kimberly TheidonConclusions: What Can We Do? by Mari FitzduffVolume Three: InterventionsSeries Foreword, by Chris E. StoutEnding Wars: Developments, Theories, and Practice, by Mari FitzduffTheories of Practice and Change in Ethnic Conflict Interventions, by Ilana ShapiroPeacemaking among Higher-Order Primates, by Jordan PetersonInteractive Conflict Resolution: Addressing Violent Ethnopolitical Conflict, by Ronald FisherCreative Approaches to Reconciliation, by Cynthia CohenThe Role of "Voice" in Conflict Deescalation and Resolution, by Tamara D'EstreeBuilding a Peace Constituency: Implementing a Peace Agreement in the Middle East, by Byron Bland, Brenda Marea Powell, and Lee RossA Diplomacy Conflict Resolution Program, by Stephen FabickUsing Psychosocial-Healing in Post-Conflict Reconstruction, by Paula Gutlove and Gordon ThompsonReintegrating Demobilized Militia and Former Combatants: Lessons Learned in Somalia, by Jane Mocellin and H. BulhanChild Soldering: Entry, Reintegration, and Breaking Cycles of Violence, by Mike WesselsRevisiting Military Persuasion and the War on Terror, by Stephen CimbalaThe Psychology of Successful War: Considerations for War on Terrorism, by Steven SilverCultural Precursors and Psychological Consequences of Contemporary Western Responses to Acts of Terror, by Bill DurodiéConclusions--What Can We Do? by Mari Fitzduff

Reviews/Endorsements

Reviews

"Among the many multi-authored works on political violence published since 9/11, this is one of the best and most expansive. Fitzduff and Stout bring together 36 valuable contributions by 51 authors (all psychologists) exploring the issues of war and conflict resolution. Volume 1 offers diverse perspectives on the causal factors of political violence; volume 2 focuses on the role of group and social factors in causing peaceful or violent outcomes; and volume 3 outlines the modalities of intervention to stop conflict and promote reconciliation and peace. Fitzduff's introductory chapter provides helpful overviews of the main theoretical and practical issues. Her conclusion reiterates the increasing utility of psychology in identifying both the causes of wars and violence within states and the means to move toward peace. She includes in these volumes a 15-point summary of the findings and suggestions, which she hopes will inform the decisions of policy makers. Although this idealism is laudable, policy makers have little interest in sound scholarship or translating academic wisdom into practice. But this is must reading for those concerned about a peaceful future. Essential. Upper-division undergraduates and above."Choice

"[T]he real value for the military professional is the perspective each volume provides on such issues as warring, conflict, and peace. This set will make an invaluable contribution to the library of any military professional, defense intellectual, or academician concerned with the conduct of war, peacekeeping, or stability operations."PARAMETERS

Endorsements

No greater challenge faces humanity in the 21st century than that of turning war into peace. Much has been written on war as a political and economic phenomenon; comparatively little is known about the social psychology of war. The invaluable contribution of this comprehensive three-volume set edited by Mari Fitzduff and Chris Stout is to present a rich and insightful sampling from a host of distinguished scholars in the field of social psychology on what causes war and what we can do to prevent it. The conclusions deserve close study by leaders and citizens alike.—William Ury^LHarvard University^Lauthor of ^IThe Third Side^R

The lessons that Mari Fitzduff, Chris Stout and their collaborators have drawn from a variety of experiences are insightful. Practitioners, policymakers and academics can profit by reflecting on these lessons.—Matthew Hodes^LDirector, Conflict Resolution Program^LThe Carter Center^LAtlanta, Georgia

There is no topic more worthy of our attention today than finding ways for humankind to live together in a diverse world, and there is no exploration, deliberation or discussion more important than how to end violence and war. This book takes it all on, head on, presenting a broad picture of current thinking, and providing an invaluable resource for academics, policy makers and thoughtful citizens.—Susan Collin Marks, Executive Vice President, Search for Common Ground and author of ^IWatching the Wind: Conflict Resolution During South Africa's Transition to Democracy^R

Mari Fitzduff and Chris Stout have brought forward an important set of books which will benefit all of us struggling with the problem of building resilient societies and bringing conflict into the structures and practices of peaceful procedures.—Ragnar ^DAngeby^LAmbassador for Prevention of Violent Conflict^LFolke Bernadotte Academy^LSwedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs

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