A word, phrase, sentence, single character, or sequence of characters usually appearing on or in an item, naming the work(s) contained in it, for purposes of identification and reference. In nonfiction, choice of title usually reflects the content of the work, distinguishing it from others of similar subject. A subtitle may be included following a colon or semicolon. Translations may have a parallel title in the original language. The full title is usually printed on the title page of a book or at the beginning of an article or essay published in a book or periodical. The title given on the title page may differ from the one printed or impressed on the spine or cover. In a film or videorecording, the title is usually given in the first few frames.
In library cataloging, the title proper is entered in the title and statement of responsibility area of the bibliographic description as it appears on the chief source of information. A work published under more than one title is cataloged under a uniform title (example: Bible). The term is also used in a less precise way to refer to any bibliographic item known by its title, as in the phrase "list of titles ordered." See also: alternative title, binder's title, catchword title, chapter title, cover title, divisional title, edge title, half title, panel title, partial title, running title, series title, short title, side title, spine title, supplied title, title change, and working title.
Also refers to a formal name or appellation given to an individual or family in recognition of privilege, distinction, office, or profession (baronet, saint, president, doctor, etc.). In AACR2, titles of nobility are included in the personal name heading when used to refer to the individual, titles indicating high office are given in English whenever possible, and titles of address (Miss, Mr., Mrs., etc.) are omitted from the heading, as are minor ecclesiastical titles, military titles, academic and professional titles, and government titles below the highest rank.
In employment, the official name assigned to a specific position within the organization, for example, Instruction Librarian. Usually based on function, library position titles vary from one institution to another (Instructional Services Librarian).