ABC-CLIO Solutions

The Latino American Experience

The American Mosaic

by Spencer R. Crew, Vicki Ruiz, Joe E. Watkins, and Marian Perales, Editors

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ABC-CLIO Solutions

Topics Race and Ethnicity/Latino and Hispanic Studies
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Latino Americans now comprise more than 17 percent of the U.S. population. An estimated 56 million individuals have formed vibrant communities across the nation such that Latinos and Hispanics contribute substantially to the national identity.

The Latino American Experience: The American Mosaic defines this national identity as it embraces the heritage and culture of Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Guatemalans, Cubans, Dominicans, Colombians, Ecuadorians, and other Latino peoples in the United States. By featuring articles and essays from Latino authors and contributors on topics ranging from changing landscapes to immigration, civil rights to the Chicano movement, and economic adversity to the fight to carve out Latino communities while simultaneously assimilating into American culture, The Latino American Experience: The American Mosaic gives voice to the Latino American experience that features so largely in the making of American history.


  • Contains articles illustrating the histories all of the countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Iberian Peninsula, including those on indigenous peoples, on the Hispanic Diaspora, and on modern-day Latin American countries
  • Houses nearly 5,000 primary and secondary sources, including maps, speeches, songs, interviews, and historical photographs
  • Includes more than 700 biographies of such famous political and social figures as Simón Bolívar, David Farragut, Rita Hayworth, Sonia Sotomayor, and many more
  • Presents scholarly perspectives on some of today's most pressing questions, such as "What is the driving force behind restrictive state immigration legislation?" and "What will Cuba be like in 2022?"
  • Features the CLIOview tool that allow students to make comparisons and to graph statistical data in more than 25 demographic categories unique to the Latin American community, such as population levels, employment rates, and more
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ABC-CLIO Solutions School Editions

Offering effective technology for your library and created specifically for middle and high school students, ABC-CLIO Solutions Schools Edition provides authoritative coverage of essential topics in U.S. history and government, world history, geography, and a range of multicultural and popular culture subjects.

Each online ABC-CLIO Solution includes four innovative components:

A COMPREHENSIVE REFERENCE LIBRARY with content from more than 230,000 primary sources and entries encompassing audio, video, photographs, illustrations, maps, and rich media.

A STANDARDS-BASED CURRICULUM updated daily by a team of subject-specific editorial experts and supported by an extensive range of instructional material.

A DEEP COLLECTION OF MODEL COMMENTARIES from noted scholars that have been specially commissioned to foster critical thinking stimulated by exposure to varying points of view.

AN EDUCATOR SUPPORT CENTER containing valuable professional development tools as well as relevant resources such as discussion points, activities, lesson plans, and research lists.


  • Updated daily with vetted, authoritative content, ABC-CLIO Solutions are always current, making outdated textbooks a thing of the past
  • Each Solutions database include a subject-specific library, a curriculum, unique model commentaries, and a full-featured educator support center
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Advisory Board

Spencer R. Crew is the interim director of the National Museum of African American History and Culture. He is also the Clarence J. Robinson Professor of History at George Mason University.

Joshunda Sanders is the author of How Racism and Sexism Killed Traditional Media (2015) as well as I Can Write the World (2019) She works at Lehman College in the Office of the President.

Joe Watkins, a member of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, is a Research Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Maryland, College Park.

Marian Perales is an Editorial Specialist for ABC-CLIO's American History and the American Mosaic databases. She received an MA in U.S. history from The Claremont Graduate University.

Topic Centers


Cultures Collide, 1490s–1520s
• The Maya Empire, 250–1527
• The Inca Empire, 1200–1532
• The Aztec Empire, 1250–1521
Transitions, 1868–1900
• The Cuban-Spanish-American War, 1868–1898
Early Latino Civil Rights Movement, 1959–1965
• A Time of Crisis, 1959–1962
• Latino Economic Woes and U.S. Policy, 1962–1965
Founding the Spanish Empire, 1521–1598
• Spanish Conquest, 1521–1535
• Establishing New Spain, 1535–1565
• Early Fortifications, 1565–1598
Migrations and Community
Formation, 1900–1919

• Burgeoning Barrios, 1900–1910
• Tumult in Mexico, 1910–1919
Chicano Movement, 1966–1979
• Movement Matures, 1966–1973
• Backlash to Progress, 1973–1977
• New Waves of Latino Immigration Begin, 1977–1979
Spanish Borderlands, 1598–1810
• Kingdom of New Mexico, 1598–1693
• Expanding the Empire, 1694–1769
• Along the Pacific: Alta California, 1769–1810
Great Depression and Repatriation, 1920–1941
• Political Participation, 1920–1929
• New Deal Opportunity and Disappointment, 1929–1937
• Organizing for Change, 1937–1941
Conservative Tide, 1980–1992
• The Refugee Act and the Reagan Era, 1980–1984
• U.S. Policy in Central America, 1985–1991
Struggles for Independence, 1810–1846
• Independence in Latin America, 1810–1828
• New Destinies, 1820–1845
World War II, 1941–1948
• Latinos Support the War Effort, 1941–1945
• Domestic Upheavals, 1942–1944
• Bootstraps and Braceros, 1942–1948
Progress Amid the Backlash, 1992–2000
• NAFTA Era, 1992–1994
• Anti-Immigration Backlash,1994–2000
• Béisbol and Borders, 1996–2000
Remaking the U.S. Map, 1846–1865
• Shrinking Borders, 1836–1848
• Land Contestations and Responses to Change, 1848–1865
Postwar Migrations, 1948–1959
• Latino Immigration and Migration, 1948–1955
• The Cold War at Home and Abroad, 1952–1956
• Cuba Dominates the Headlines, 1956–1959
New Millennium, 2000–Present
• Impact of Free Trade, 2000–2004
• The Minority becomes the Majority, 2004–2008
• Populism, 2008–present




"This is the most beautifully designed electronic product I've ever seen, as creatively functional as it is attractive. At screen top left is a Quick Search box with a link to an Advanced Search screen directly beneath it. Underneath that is a Subject Browse list with links to Arts & Entertainment; Business & Labor; Education; Folklore & Customs; History; Icons; Immigration; Literature; Music; Organizations; Politics, Law, & Civil Rights; Religion; Science & Medicine; Sports; and Women. At screen right are links to Landmark Documents, Origins, Spanish Content, Timeline, and Title List. At screen top right are persistent links to Home, Browse, Additional Resources, and Index as well as to an overall description of file contents; biographies of the impressive members of the LAE advisory board (experts, librarians, and scholars); Classroom Resources (e.g., lesson plans); and a Help section that neatly lays out all the elements of both Quick and Advanced searching, including proximity operators, Boolean logic, and wild cards....Recommended for public and school libraries for its online access to material long overdue for coverage by electronic publishers."Library Journal

"Greenwood's Latino American Experience paints a mural that is as intricate and as colorful as the lives, history, and events that fill its pages. This database provides the sort of unique content that might only be found within the special collections of a large public or university library....The Latino American Experience provides students and teachers with resources previously unavailable. Teachers will appreciate the Lesson Plans, which include National Standards, Strands, Objectives, Historical Perspectives of the subject, materials needed (including dowloadable organizers and rubrics), key questions, points of view, directions, assessment tools, and even extentions to the research assignment. Students will enjoy the ability to easily locate often hard-to-find pieces of information, as well as the 2.0 elements including a blog....[L]atino American Experience deserves an A+ for bring together an important piece of the puzzle which truly does create an American Mosaic."School Library Journal

"Latino American Experience Blog Review Looks to be an interesting and very timely resource for libraries, so En mi opinion is bookmarked on my computer."Cheryl LaGuardia's news and views on e-products Library Journal

"The Latino American Experience is a full-text, multimedia database with both English and Spanish content focusing on individuals of Hispanic origin living in the Americas from pre-Columbian times until the present day. The database contains a core set of electronic reference books, images, primary documents, and links to select Web sites. It features a simple, attractive, intuitive homepage. The advanced search option permits useful limiters by document type to articles, primary sources, external resources, and images....This is a promising beginning for what could prove to be a valuable resource....Recommended."Library Media Connection

"Drawing on a long-standing list of scholarly works on Latino cultures, some 200 titles total, Greenwood has launched a subscription website called the Latino American Experience, which offers readers references in English and Spanish, from encyclopedias and biographies to folktales, primary documents and recipies, as well as a variety of media....With more than 12,000 keywords in its index, the Latino American Experience spans a vast and fascinating territory."Kirkus Reviews

"LAE is unique, useful and reasonably priced (pricing starts at $450 for school libraries and $650 for public libraries)....Recommended for public, high-school, and college libraries."Booklist/Reference Books Bulletin

"The Latino American Experience is the second in the American Mosaic series of full-text digital reference resources. The African American Experience (CH, Jan'07, 44-2453) preceded it, and more databases will follow. This visually appealing and intuitive online resource presently aggregates the contents of 167 print reference titles. ... Material is primarily in English, but Spanish-language resources are also included. A simple search box remains available in a prominent corner as one navigates through the database. The advanced search option offers the ability to limit by articles, images, primary documents, or external sources. ... The browsing function moves students through a narrowing hierarchy toward results via side-by-side windows with multiple levels of categories/subcategories displayed along with the resulting articles. ... [No other resource] provides the breadth of coverage—from cooking and music to politics and literature—found here. This is a spectacular resource, reasonably priced. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-level undergraduates and secondary school students.' "Choice

"Developed by a team of Latino librarians, The Latino American Experience spans the interests and research needs of students and scholars. ... LAE deserves an A+' "School Library Journal

"Encompassing the content of more than 200 volumes—from encyclopedias to biographies—this wide-ranging database focuses on all aspects of Latin American history and culture from pre-Columbian times to the present day. It is designed, developed, and indexed under the guidance of Latino librarians and library directors to meet the research and curriculum needs of students, teachers, librarians, and researchers."ARBA

"Due to the fact that this resource is under the guidance of leading scholars in the area of Latin American studies, and is updated regularly, this database is highly recommended."ARBA


Outstanding Academic Title — CHOICE

2013 CODiE Award Finalist - Best Education Reference Solution — SIIA

2014 Best Latin American Studies Website — ComputED Best Educational Software Awards (BESSIES)

2017 CODiE Award Winner - Best Social Sciences Instructional Solution — SIIA

2018 Gold Award — Modern Library Awards

2019 Best Social Studies Website — ComputED Best Educational Software Awards (BESSIES)

2018 Best Online Educational Resource — ComputED Best Educational Software Awards (BESSIES)

2018 Best Social Studies Website — ComputED Best Educational Software Awards (BESSIES)



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