ABC-CLIO Solutions

The American Indian Experience

The American Mosaic (Academic)

by Marian Perales, Spencer R. Crew, Andrew Jackson, and Joe E. Watkins, Editors

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ABC-CLIO Solutions

Topics Race and Ethnicity/American Indian Studies
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For American Indian studies courses as well as general undergraduate education, The American Indian Experience: The American Mosaic is an indispensable source for authoritative reference material.

The American Indian Experience: The American Mosaic gives exclusive focus and treatment to the historically underrepresented realities of indigenous peoples in the United States. Reference content is organized by time period for efficient browsing, with coverage spanning precontact America to modern native nations. Advanced search options make content also discoverable by region, state, or tribe, with applicable filters to refine by resource type. Developed under the guidance of leading American Indian scholars, The American Indian Experience provides both primary sources and expertly authored secondary sources, including original journal articles. These journal articles are organized into academic roundtables to address sensitive topics such as cultural appropriation, reparations, and international sovereignty from multiple perspectives. As part of the American Mosaic collection, The American Indian Experience is designed to facilitate AIS research as well as comparative cultural analysis.


  • More than 2,000 primary documents and media, including treaties, speeches, and captivity narratives as well as traditional storytelling, a wealth of maps, photographs, and video
  • Roughly 30 academic roundtables address contemporary questions such as "Who qualifies as Native American and how is this determined?" and "Why does American Indian imagery remain so pervasive in American advertising?"
  • Nearly 90 journal articles from noted scholars such as Loriene Roy and Robert Miller
Suite Features

ABC-CLIO Solutions Academic Editions

The ABC-CLIO Solutions Academic Edition suite supplies the digital reference collections and full-text scholarship integral to undergraduate research in the humanities. In each of the suite's 14 dynamic and discipline-specific databases, student researchers are empowered to broaden their understandings, analyze historical and societal complexities, and develop innovative and informed perspectives.

Contributions from more than 3,000 field scholars and real-time updates ensure researchers are always accessing relevant and credible material. Across all 14 databases, investigations into critical topics yield three integrated but distinct content components to support thesis-driven research:

Original journal articles, authored by leading academics and vetted by advisory boards of credentialed experts, that offer varied viewpoints on the complexities and nuances inherent in the discipline to serve as both sources and exemplars of evidence-based scholarly thought,

A robust reference library that draws from 200,000+ primary and secondary sources, including media and data,

And a course companion, comprised of both text and video lectures, designed to reinforce coursework or drive independent study.


  • Coverage spans the humanities, from core disciplines like American history to emergent fields of study, including modern genocide and popular culture.
  • All material is authored by accomplished academics and vetted by database-specific advisory boards, while daily updates across the suite ensure that database content evolves to reflect changing understandings and developments in the field.
  • Both browsing and linear learning are supported by the databases' topic center structure, with each topic center housing a variety of relevant content including primary sources, reference material, and journal articles.
  • Targeted research is served by the federated search engine, which pulls content from across multiple databases to connect students with any and all applicable material. Researchers can then apply advanced search filters to locate the precise resources they seek.
  • Built-in tools are available to support and streamline the research process, including the cite tool for instant citation generation and the CLIOview feature for comparative data analysis.
Advisory Board

Spencer R. Crew is the interim director of the National Museum of African American History and Culture. He is also the Clarence J. Robinson Professor of History at George Mason University.

Vicki Ruiz is Distinguished Professor of History and Chicano/Latino Studies Emeritus at the University of California, Irvine.

Joe Watkins, a member of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, is a Research Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Maryland, College Park.

Marian Perales is an Editorial Specialist for ABC-CLIO's American History and the American Mosaic databases. She received an MA in U.S. history from The Claremont Graduate University.

Topic Centers


Early Native America, Precontact–1527
• Early Native Societies, Precontact–250
• Development of Regional Cultures, 250–1527
• Early Contact Period, 985–1490
Western Expansion and Removal, 1800–1851
• Native Life in the New Republic, 1800–1821
• Jacksonian Indian Policy, 1818–1832
• Removal to Indian Territory, 1832–1851
Termination and Urbanization, 1945–1968
• Federal Termination Policy, 1945–1953
• Urban Migration, 1953–1968
Early Colonial Era, 1490–1664
• Spanish Colonies, 1490–1610
• French Colonies, 1524–1660
• Dutch and English Colonies, 1602–1664
Battle for the Great Plains, 1851–1877
• Treaty of Fort Laramie and Grant's Peace, 1851–1868
• Plains Culture Upended by Warfare, 1863–1871
• Reconstruction, 1865–1877
Indian Activism and Self-Determination, 1968–1988
• Expanding Civil Rights, 1968–1977
• Taking a Stand, 1975–1984
• Regaining Ground, 1980–1988
Trade and Destruction of Native Economies, 1664–1754
• European Expansion and Native Resistance, 1664–1720
• Mississippi Valley Expansion, 1713–1754
Assimilation and Allotment, 1878–1928
• Indianness Confronts Conformity, 1878–1887
• Reservations and Resistance, 1887–1928
Modern Native Nations, 1988–Present
• Reclamation of Native Identity, 1988–2000
• Affirming Tribal Sovereignty, 2000–Present
War and Revolution, 1754–1810
• Colonial Crisis, 1754–1768
• The Revolutionary Period, 1771–1783
Great Depression and World War II, 1929–1945
• Indian New Deal, 1934–1941
• Supporting the War Effort, 1941–1945




"At the very least, this tool represents a sophisticated way to re-purpose existing reference content. Indeed, libraries hoping to buy back some shelf space by subscribing will be able to warehouse a number of fairly recent Greenwood and ABC-CLIO reference titles. Such an assessment, though, seriously understates the value of this resource. It includes numerous essays—unique to AIE—that are perfectly suited to an academic audience; it incorporates a significant number of primary-source documents that dramatically enhance the research experience; and it is geared toward state and national standards, making it an appropriate tool for students from middle school through college."Library Journal



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