ABC-CLIO Solutions

The African American Experience

The American Mosaic (Academic)

by Marian Perales, Spencer R. Crew, and Joe E. Watkins, Editors

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ABC-CLIO Solutions

Topics Race and Ethnicity/African American Studies
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Developed with the guidance of African American librarians and subject specialists, The African American Experience: The American Mosaic has the widest depth and breadth of information available of any online database collection on African American history and culture.

The African American Experience: The American Mosaic encompasses the myriad contributions of individuals from the African American community who achieved prominence in the arts, entertainment, the sciences, business, the military, and politics as well as nameless others who endured the travails of slavery and institutionalized discrimination. Through primary sources and the lens of prominent scholars, this database gives voice to the African American experience from its African origins to the present day. Coverage ranges from detailed accounts of defining moments and movements to critical perspectives on timely and enduring topics such as stop-and-frisk, educational desegregation, and voting rights. Through daily content updates, this database keeps pace with the ongoing evolution of the African American story via the most current literature in the field.


  • More than 80 journal articles that provide original, peer-reviewed scholarly arguments on such complex topics as the notion of a post-racial society and the long-term efficacy of Reconstruction
  • Nearly 1,000 biographies of such famous political and social figures as W.E.B. DuBois, Barack Obama, Frederick Douglass, and Mary McLeod Bethune as well as such fascinating contemporary figures as Amiri Baraka, Muhammad Ali, Drake, and Oprah Winfrey
  • Roughly 8,000 primary and secondary sources, including the complete WPA Slave Narratives collection, speeches, court cases, quotations, advertisements, and statistics
  • Roughly 1,500 photographs, maps, and other images
Suite Features

ABC-CLIO Solutions Academic Editions

The ABC-CLIO Solutions Academic Edition suite supplies the digital reference collections and full-text scholarship integral to undergraduate research in the humanities. In each of the suite's 14 dynamic and discipline-specific databases, student researchers are empowered to broaden their understandings, analyze historical and societal complexities, and develop innovative and informed perspectives.

Contributions from more than 3,000 field scholars and real-time updates ensure researchers are always accessing relevant and credible material. Across all 14 databases, investigations into critical topics yield three integrated but distinct content components to support thesis-driven research:

Original journal articles, authored by leading academics and vetted by advisory boards of credentialed experts, that offer varied viewpoints on the complexities and nuances inherent in the discipline to serve as both sources and exemplars of evidence-based scholarly thought,

A robust reference library that draws from 200,000+ primary and secondary sources, including media and data,

And a course companion, comprised of both text and video lectures, designed to reinforce coursework or drive independent study.


  • Coverage spans the humanities, from core disciplines like American history to emergent fields of study, including modern genocide and popular culture.
  • All material is authored by accomplished academics and vetted by database-specific advisory boards, while daily updates across the suite ensure that database content evolves to reflect changing understandings and developments in the field.
  • Both browsing and linear learning are supported by the databases' topic center structure, with each topic center housing a variety of relevant content including primary sources, reference material, and journal articles.
  • Targeted research is served by the federated search engine, which pulls content from across multiple databases to connect students with any and all applicable material. Researchers can then apply advanced search filters to locate the precise resources they seek.
  • Built-in tools are available to support and streamline the research process, including the cite tool for instant citation generation and the CLIOview feature for comparative data analysis.
Advisory Board

Spencer R. Crew, PhD is Clarence J. Robinson Professor of History at George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia. He received his PhD in history from Rutgers University. He has worked in public history for more than 25 years and served as president of the National Underground Railroad and Freedom Center and worked at the National Museum of American History-Smithsonian for 20 years. He is the past chair of the National Council for History Education and serves on the board of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. His publications include Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration 1915 - 1940 (1987), and Black Life in Secondary Cities: A Comparative Analysis of the Black Communities of Camden and Elizabeth, N.J. 1860 - 1920 (1993). He co-authored The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden (2002) and Unchained Memories: Readings From The Slave Narratives (2002) and co-editor of Slave Culture: A Documentary Collection of the Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers Project (Greenwood, 2014) and Memories of the Enslaved: Voices from the Slave Narratives (Praeger, 2015).

Vicki L. Ruiz is Distinguished Professor of History and Chicano/Latino Studies at the University of California, Irvine. A first generation college student, she received her PhD in History from Stanford University in 1982. An award-winning scholar and educator, she is the author of Cannery Women, Cannery Lives and From Out of the Shadows: Mexican Women in Twentieth- Century America and co-author of Created Equal: A History of the United States. She and Virginia Sánchez Korrol co-edited the three-volume Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia, which received a 2007 "Best in Reference" Award from the New York Public Library. Over the course of her career, Ruiz, has participated in numerous public history and community engagement programs, including Arizona State's Hispanic-Mother Daughter Program and UCI's Humanities Out There. From 2007-2012, she served as Dean of the School of Humanities at UC Irvine.

Joe Watkins, a member of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, is the Supervisory Anthropologist and Chief of the Tribal Relations and American Cultures Program of the National Park Service in Washington, D.C. During 2007–2013 he was the Director of the Native American Studies Program at the University of Oklahoma. He has more than 45 years of experience in anthropology and archaeology and serves as a mediator and advocate for indigenous groups worldwide. He is the author of Indigenous Archaeology: American Indian Values and Scientific Practice (Alta Mira Press, 2000), Reclaiming Physical Heritage: Repatriation and Sacred Sites (Chelsea House Publishers 2005), and with Carol Ellick, The Anthropology Graduate's Guide: From Student to a Career (Left Coast Press 2011).

Topic Centers


Africa and the Atlantic, 500–1550
• Ancient African Civilizations, 500–1550
• Africa and the Atlantic World, 1441–1550
Rise of Jim Crow, 1877–1895
• Rebuilding the South, 1877–1905
• Westward Ho!, 1878–1890
• Violence and Jim Crow, 1880s–1895
Black Power Movement, 1965–1979
• Civil Rights Reignites, 1965–1968
• African Americans and the Vietnam Era, 1968–1973
• Backlash to Progress, 1973–1979
Africans in Colonial North America, 1550s–1760
• The English North American Colonies, 1619–1760
• The Spanish Colonies, 1560s–1760
The Progressive Era, 1895–1917
• Diverse Political Strategies, 1895–1915
• The Great Migration, 1910–1917
Urban Politics and the Shifting Landscape, 1979–1991
• New Leadership and Urban Change, 1979–1988
• Conservatism and the Politics of Power, 1988–1991
Hopes for a New Nation, 1763–1816
• The American Revolution, 1763–1787
• The Constitution, 1787–1800
• The Emergence of Free Black Communities, 1800–1816
World War I to the Great Depression, 1917–1939• World War I, 1917–1919
• The Harlem Renaissance, 1920–1939 • The Great Depression, 1929–1939
Dawning of a New Era, 1992–2000
• The Clinton Era and the Pulse of the New Day, 1992–1995
• Federal Policy Changes, 1995–1998
Antebellum, 1816–1846
• The Expansion of Slavery, 1816–1846
• Abolitionism and Reform, 1816–1846
World War II and Post–War Integration, 1939–1954
• World War II, 1939–1945
• The Cold War, 1945–1960
New Millennium, 2001–present
• New Leadership, 2001–2008
• Hope Comes Back to Life, 2008–present
Civil War and Emancipation, 1846–1877
• Prelude to War, 1846–1861
• The Civil War, 1861–1865
• Reconstruction, 1865–1877
Civil Rights Movement, 1954–1965
• New Forms of Protest, 1954–1957
• Struggles for Freedom, 1957–1960
• The Apex of the Civil Rights Movement, 1960–1965



"ABC-CLIO has added Slave Narratives to its collection of cultural documents...These primary sources are well integrated with the historical essays. Recommended."Library Media Connection

"These American Mosaic databases will be of interest to public, secondary, and some academic collections and can be marketed as both research and teaching tools. They offer accessible, relevant, and engaging information that will appeal to students. Recommended."Booklist



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