The Latino American Experience

The American Mosaic (Academic)

by Marian Perales, Spencer R. Crew, and Vicki L. Ruiz, Editors

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ABC-CLIO Solutions

Topics Race and Ethnicity/Latino and Hispanic Studies
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Comprehensive, intuitive, and expertly authored, The Latino American Experience: The American Mosaic is the first database dedicated to the history and culture of the largest, fastest-growing minority group in the United States.

The Latino American Experience: The American Mosaic documents the rich heritage and current culture of Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Guatemalans, Cubans, Dominicans, Colombians, Ecuadorians, and other Hispanic groups in the United States. Their stories are detailed through a robust collection of primary and secondary sources, beginning with pre-16th century Mayan, Incan, and Aztec empires and continuing through to the present day, with treatment also given to cultural themes including coming-of-age rituals, music, literature, and cuisine. On the controversial issues shaping the modern Latino American experience—such as immigration reform, media portrayals, and voting access and influence—credentialed academics offer varied perspectives to serve as both sources and exemplars of scholarly argumentation.


  • More than 2,500 primary documents and media, including speeches, maps, songs, audio clips, interviews, and vivid historical photographs
  • Coverage of history and culture from all the countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Iberian Peninsula, including content on modern-day Latin American countries, the history of the Hispanic Diaspora, and indigenous peoples
  • More than 75 thesis-driven, peer-reviewed essays from scholars such as Gabriel Gutierrez address complex questions such as "How should we refer to Americans who descend from Spanish-speaking countries?" and "Do media portrayals of Latinos influence the types of public policies directed at them?"
Suite Features

ABC-CLIO Solutions Academic Editions

The ABC-CLIO Solutions Academic Edition suite supplies the digital reference collections and full-text scholarship integral to undergraduate research in the humanities. In each of the suite's 14 dynamic and discipline-specific databases, student researchers are empowered to broaden their understandings, analyze historical and societal complexities, and develop innovative and informed perspectives.

Contributions from more than 3,000 field scholars and real-time updates ensure researchers are always accessing relevant and credible material. Across all 14 databases, investigations into critical topics yield three integrated but distinct content components to support thesis-driven research:

Original journal articles, authored by leading academics and vetted by advisory boards of credentialed experts, that offer varied viewpoints on the complexities and nuances inherent in the discipline to serve as both sources and exemplars of evidence-based scholarly thought,

A robust reference library that draws from 200,000+ primary and secondary sources, including media and data,

And a course companion, comprised of both text and video lectures, designed to reinforce coursework or drive independent study.


  • Coverage spans the humanities, from core disciplines like American history to emergent fields of study, including modern genocide and popular culture.
  • All material is authored by accomplished academics and vetted by database-specific advisory boards, while daily updates across the suite ensure that database content evolves to reflect changing understandings and developments in the field.
  • Both browsing and linear learning are supported by the databases' topic center structure, with each topic center housing a variety of relevant content including primary sources, reference material, and journal articles.
  • Targeted research is served by the federated search engine, which pulls content from across multiple databases to connect students with any and all applicable material. Researchers can then apply advanced search filters to locate the precise resources they seek.
  • Built-in tools are available to support and streamline the research process, including the cite tool for instant citation generation and the CLIOview feature for comparative data analysis.
Advisory Board

Vicki L. Ruiz is Distinguished Professor of History and Chicano/Latino Studies at the University of California, Irvine. A first generation college student, she received her PhD in History from Stanford University in 1982. An award-winning scholar and educator, she is the author of Cannery Women, Cannery Lives and From Out of the Shadows: Mexican Women in Twentieth- Century America and co-author of Created Equal: A History of the United States. She and Virginia Sánchez Korrol co-edited the three-volume Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia, which received a 2007 "Best in Reference" Award from the New York Public Library. Over the course of her career, Ruiz, has participated in numerous public history and community engagement programs, including Arizona State's Hispanic-Mother Daughter Program and UCI's Humanities Out There. From 2007-2012, she served as Dean of the School of Humanities at UC Irvine.

Marian Perales is the Managing Editor for the American History, African American Experience, American Indian Experience, and Latino American Experience databases. She received her BA from Cal Poly-San Luis Obispo and her MA from The Claremont Graduate University. She completed doctoral coursework at Claremont Graduate University specializing in Chicano/a history, U.S. religious history, and 19th century U.S. intellectual history. She has written articles on the western women's history and Chicana history.

Dr. Joe Watkins, a member of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, is a Research Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Maryland, College Park. From 2007–2013 he was the Director of the Native American Studies Program at the University of Oklahoma. He has more than 45 years of experience in anthropology and archaeology, working in the public and private sectors of cultural resources management, as a program administrator and professor in higher education, and as a private consultant. He serves as a mediator and advocate for indigenous groups worldwide, including North American Indians and First Nations, Australian Aboriginals, New Zealand Maori, and the Japanese Ainu. He is the author of Indigenous Archaeology: American Indian Values and Scientific Practice (Alta Mira Press 2000), Reclaiming Physical Heritage: Repatriation and Sacred Sites (Chelsea House Publishers 2005), and with Carol Ellick, The Anthropology Graduate's Guide: From Student to a Career (Left Coast Press 2011).

Spencer R. Crew, PhD is Clarence J. Robinson Professor of History at George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia. He received his PhD in history from Rutgers University. He has worked in public history for more than 25 years and served as president of the National Underground Railroad and Freedom Center and worked at the National Museum of American History-Smithsonian for 20 years. He is the past chair of the National Council for History Education and serves on the board of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. His publications include Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration 1915 - 1940 (1987), and Black Life in Secondary Cities: A Comparative Analysis of the Black Communities of Camden and Elizabeth, N.J. 1860 - 1920 (1993). He co-authored The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden (2002) and Unchained Memories: Readings From The Slave Narratives (2002) and co-editor of Slave Culture: A Documentary Collection of the Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers Project (Greenwood, 2014) and Memories of the Enslaved: Voices from the Slave Narratives (Praeger, 2015).

Topic Centers


Cultures Collide, 1490s–1520s
• The Maya Empire, 250–1527
• The Inca Empire, 1200–1532
• The Aztec Empire, 1250–1521
Transitions, 1868–1900
• The Cuban-Spanish-American War, 1868–1898
Early Latino Civil Rights Movement, 1959–1965
• A Time of Crisis, 1959–1962
• Latino Economic Woes and U.S. Policy, 1962–1965
Founding the Spanish Empire, 1521–1598
• Spanish Conquest, 1521–1535
• Establishing New Spain, 1535–1565
• Early Fortifications, 1565–1598
Migrations and Community
Formation, 1900–1919

• Burgeoning Barrios, 1900–1910
• Tumult in Mexico, 1910–1919
Chicano Movement, 1966–1979
• Movement Matures, 1966–1973
• Backlash to Progress, 1973–1977
• New Waves of Latino Immigration Begin, 1977–1979
Spanish Borderlands, 1598–1810
• Kingdom of New Mexico, 1598–1693
• Expanding the Empire, 1694–1769
• Along the Pacific: Alta California, 1769–1810
Great Depression and Repatriation, 1920–1941
• Political Participation, 1920–1929
• New Deal Opportunity and Disappointment, 1929–1937
• Organizing for Change, 1937–1941
Conservative Tide, 1980–1992
• The Refugee Act and the Reagan Era, 1980–1984
• U.S. Policy in Central America, 1985–1991
Struggles for Independence, 1810–1846
• Independence in Latin America, 1810–1828
• New Destinies, 1820–1845
World War II, 1941–1948
• Latinos Support the War Effort, 1941–1945
• Domestic Upheavals, 1942–1944
• Bootstraps and Braceros, 1942–1948
Progress Amid the Backlash, 1992–2000
• NAFTA Era, 1992–1994
• Anti-Immigration Backlash,1994–2000
• Béisbol and Borders, 1996–2000
Remaking the U.S. Map, 1846–1865
• Shrinking Borders, 1836–1848
• Land Contestations and Responses to Change, 1848–1865
Postwar Migrations, 1948–1959
• Latino Immigration and Migration, 1948–1955
• The Cold War at Home and Abroad, 1952–1956
• Cuba Dominates the Headlines, 1956–1959
New Millennium, 2000–Present
• Impact of Free Trade, 2000–2004
• The Minority becomes the Majority, 2004–2008
• Populism, 2008–present



2019 Silver Award — Modern Library Awards



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