Smuggling and Trafficking in Human Beings

All Roads Lead to America

by Sheldon X. Zhang


Examines human smuggling and trafficking into the U.S. from around the world and the implications it has for national security, criminal activity, and our economy.

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Cover image for Smuggling and Trafficking in Human Beings

July 2007


Pages 232
Volumes 1
Size 6 1/8x9 1/4
Topics Crime/General
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    Hardcover: £65.00/70,00€/A$108.00

Coming to America to make a better life has long been a dream of many from around the world, even if it means being smuggled into the country to gain entry. This book examines how human smuggling and trafficking activities to the United States are carried out and explores the legal and policy challenges of dealing with these problems. Zhang covers the scope and patterns of global human trafficking and smuggling activities; the strategies and methods employed by various groups to bring individuals into the United States; major smuggling routes and venues; the involvement of organized criminal organizations in transnational human smuggling activities; and the challenges confronting the U.S. government in combating these activities.



"This book is devoted to the exploration of those mechanisms of transnational mobility--smuggling and trafficking--deemed illegal in countries of destination, particularly the US. A law enforcement perspective strongly influences the author's approach. In his words, although immigrants themselves should form part of the discussion, the study focuses on smuggling and trafficking activities, their organization and profiles. If one's chief interest lies in the workings of the smuggling trade and the measures designed to counteract such activities, the book will prove especially useful and informative. It is well organized, clearly written, and thoroughly documented....Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above."Choice

"Zhang, a professor of sociology at San Diego State University, meticulously reviews the available information in the field--includng academic studies, policy reports, and news articles. He showcases how addressing human smuggling in the United States suffers from a lack of good data, and a hodgepodge of political kneejerk responses....This type of compilation of a portrain of illegal entries in the United States is important, and should be taken further."Immigration Law Today


"This volume is simply one of the best books on human smuggling and trafficking--well-written, well-organized, and comprehensive. The book is unique because Professor Zhang is not only extremely familiar with the literature, but also has conducted empirical research on the topic for so many years. As a result, this is a solid book filled with findings from some of the best research on human smuggling and trafficking."—Ko-Lin Chin, Professor, School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University-Newark

"This book is precisely the type of sound and firmly documented work that we need to approach human smuggling. Strong on aggregate facts, rich in interview material, informative on the ins and outs of the smuggling trade, and void of the stereotypes that are too often and too easily used to represent this phenomenon, Zhang is definitely ahead of the game when it comes to research in this area."—Carlo Morselli, School of Criminology/International Centre for Comparative Criminology, Universite de Montreal

"Dr. Zhang provides an insightful, scholarly analysis of human trafficking at a time when immigration policy once again dominates American political discourse. By breaking down the human trafficking business into its component parts, Dr. Zhang is able to provide policymakers with a research-based foundation from which they can develop more effective and efficient countermeasures."—Dr. Jeffrey Scott McIllwain, Co-Director, Graduate Program in Homeland Security San Diego State University

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