ABC-CLIO

Sex Linkage of Intelligence

The X-Factor

by Robert Lehrke

 

Theorizes that the great variability in male intelligence is linked to the X chromosome and presents an evolutionary theory that is based on the belief that intelligence is passed from mother to son and not from father to son.

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Cover image for Sex Linkage of Intelligence

November 1997

Praeger

Pages 208
Volumes 1
Size 6 1/8x9 1/4
Topics Psychology/General
  • Hardcover

    978-0-275-95903-6

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    978-1-4408-2369-5

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The author presents a theory that major genes controlling the growth of human intelligence, both left- and right-brain attributes, are on the X-chromosome. The more significant of the implications of such X-linkage include:^L^L ^DBL Males tend to be more variable in intelligence. It is well known that males are far more likely to have intellectual deficits, including mental subnormality, learning disorders, and behavior problems. This book also presents evidence that males are more likely to be exceptionally high in cognitive abilities (other than memory), and in such areas as advanced mathematics, spatial perception, and creative music.^L ^L ^DBL Partial or total reversions to the aboriginal level of intelligence can account for virtually all cases of non-specific mental subnormality. These conditions are now identified by such terms as Renpenning syndrome, Martin-Bell syndrome, Fragile-X syndrome, and cultural-familial mental retardation. Because of the probability of offsetting genes, females are less likely to be severely affected by these conditions.

^DBL Since the X-linked genes control a pattern of growth, boys are more variable in the age of readiness for the skills required for progress in school. Some are precocious, but many are delayed, and not ready for the three R's at the traditional age of 6. This is the basis for almost all cases of learning disability.^L^L ^DBL Being on the X-chromosome, these genes, favorable or unfavorable, are not passed on from father to son, although they are passed on from father to daughter. This invalidates earlier studies of parent-child transmission of IQ, which have included father-son correlations. In effect, earlier studies have come up with estimates of the heritability of intelligence that are too low.

Table of Contents

PrefaceBackgroundThe Big LeapIn Other WordsChromosomes, Especially XMutationsNeotenyVariability in IntelligenceDivision of Labor Within the BrainNatural and Sexual SelectionThe Races and the Spread of Homo SapiensOther X-Linked TraitsX-Linked Mental DeficiencyX-Linkage and Learning DisordersInheritance of X-Linked TraitsSex Differences in VarianceEditorial Comment: What Good Is All This?GlossaryReferencesIndex

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