Criminal Justice in America

The Encyclopedia of Crime, Law Enforcement, Courts, and Corrections

by Carla Lewandowski and Jeff Bumgarner, Editors


Despite public opinion polls showing that many Americans believe violent crime is on the rise, FBI statistics indicate it declined by 49 percent between 1993 and 2017.

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Cover image for Criminal Justice in America

November 2020


Pages 782
Volumes 2
Size 7x10
Topics Crime/Crimes and Investigation
  Current Events and Issues/Law and Crime
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This authoritative set provides a comprehensive overview of issues and trends in crime, law enforcement, courts, and corrections that encompass the field of criminal justice studies in the United States.

This work offers a thorough introduction to the field of criminal justice, including types of crime, policing, courts and sentencing, landmark legal decisions, and local, state, and federal corrections systems—and the key topics and issues within each of these important areas.

It provides a complete overview and understanding of the many terms, jobs, procedures, and issues surrounding this growing field of study. Another major focus of the work is to examine ethical questions related to policing and courts, trial procedures, law enforcement and corrections agencies and responsibilities, and the complexion of criminal justice in America in the twenty-first century.

Finally, this title emphasizes coverage of such politically charged topics as drug trafficking and substance abuse, immigration, environmental protection, government surveillance and civil rights, deadly force, mass incarceration, police militarization, organized crime, gangs, wrongful convictions, racial disparities in sentencing, and privatization of America's prison system.


  • Approximately 300 authoritative entries on important topics pertaining to the discipline of criminal justice
  • Illuminating timeline of events in the history of criminal justice in the United States
  • Extensive general bibliography providing students with useful resources for further study
Author Info

Carla Lewandowski is assistant professor of law and justice studies at Rowan University. Her main research interests include homeland security, terrorism, and policing. Her most recent projects include an analysis of use of force incidents for the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority Transit Police as well as an evaluation of body-worn cameras in a New Jersey police department. Lewandowski teaches courses in international terrorism, race, class, ethnicity, and criminal justice as well as an introductory criminal justice course.

Jeff Bumgarner is professor of criminal justice and Political Science at North Dakota State University. His research interests include federal law enforcement, federal crime policy, and criminal justice administration. He is author or coauthor of several books, including Profiling and Criminal Justice in America (2004, 2013), Federal Agents: The Growth of Federal Law Enforcement in America (2006), Emergency Management: A Reference Handbook (2008), Icons of Crime Fighting (2009), Minnesota's Criminal Justice System (2016), and Federal Law Enforcement: A Primer (2013, 2018).

Other Titles of Interest

American Prisons and Jails cover imagePrisons and Punishment in America cover imagePrisons in the United States cover image
Crime and Punishment in America cover imageLatinos and Criminal Justice cover imageJuvenile Justice cover image

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