Columbine, 20 Years Later and Beyond

Lessons from Tragedy

by Jaclyn Schildkraut and Glenn W. Muschert
Foreword by Frank DeAngelis, Former Columbine High School Principal


On April 20, 1999, 12 students and one teacher were killed in a highly publicized episode of school violence that started a cultural shift in how society views and responds to mass shootings.

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Cover image for Columbine, 20 Years Later and Beyond

January 2019


Pages 235
Volumes 1
Size 6 1/8x9 1/4
Topics Current Events and Issues/Society
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This powerful retrospective analysis of the aftermath of the 1999 Columbine High School shooting considers society's response to the attack, the long-term implications of the shooting, and the ways in which research and related policy must continue to move forward.

An indispensable resource for anyone interested in learning about the long-term impact of the 1999 Columbine High School shooting, Columbine, 20 Years Later and Beyond provides a comprehensive look at how the event unfolded, what has changed since the attack, and how this information can be used to prevent future mass shootings.

Authors Jaclyn Schildkraut and Glenn Muschert, both experts on mass shootings, share their broad understanding of this tragedy and its aftermath. Columbine became the measuring stick against which all other mass shootings would be compared, and this book details with great sensitivity the ensuing changes to school security, law enforcement's response to active shooter situations, threat assessment practices, legislative efforts, and media coverage of unfolding situations. With delicacy and tact, Schildkraut and Muschert help to answer the painful question raised by a stone on the wall of the Columbine Memorial: "What have we learned?".


  • Analyzes the broad cultural impact of the Columbine High School shooting
  • Reviews changes in police responses that have developed since the day of the attack
  • Examines warning signs that pre-dated the attack and how threat assessment has advanced to preclude similar tragedies
  • Explores legislative responses in the aftermath and why they were not successful
  • Considers the lessons learned in the 20 years after the shooting and how they can be used to prevent future acts of mass violence
Author Info

Jaclyn Schildkraut, PhD, is associate professor of criminal justice at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Oswego. Her research interests include mass/school shootings, homicide trends, mediatization effects, moral panics, and crime theories. She is coauthor of Mass Shootings: Media, Myths, and Realities and editor of Mass Shootings in America: Understanding the Debates, Causes, and Responses. She has published in numerous journals, including Homicide Studies, American Journal of Criminal Justice, Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice & Criminology, Journal of Crime and Justice, Crime, Law and Social Change, and Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society, and in several edited volumes.
Glenn W. Muschert, PhD, is professor of sociology and social justice studies and faculty affiliate in comparative media studies at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. He earned a BS in international area studies from Drexel University and a PhD in sociology from the University of Colorado, Boulder. His research interests lie in the intersection of crime and deviance, social control, and mass media phenomena. He has edited numerous academic volumes and special issues and written numerous journal articles and chapters in edited volumes in the fields of sociology, criminology, and media studies.

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