Conflict in the 21st Century

The Impact of Cyber Warfare, Social Media, and Technology

by Nicholas Michael Sambaluk, Editor


Cyber warfare, social media, and robotic weapons have been employed aggressively all over the world in various 21st-century conflicts and by both sides in the War on Terror.

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Cover image for Conflict in the 21st Century

August 2019


Pages 350
Volumes 1
Size 7x10
Topics Military History/Conflict and Wars

This reference work examines how sophisticated cyber-attacks and innovative use of social media have changed conflict in the digital realm, while new military technologies such as drones and robotic weaponry continue to have an impact on modern warfare.

Cyber warfare, social media, and the latest military weapons are transforming the character of modern conflicts. This book explains how, through overview essays written by an award-winning author of military history and technology topics; in addition to more than 200 entries dealing with specific examples of digital and physical technologies, categorized by their relationship to cyber warfare, social media, and physical technology areas. Individually, these technologies are having a profound impact on modern conflicts; cumulatively, they are dynamically transforming the character of conflicts in the modern world.

The book begins with a comprehensive overview essay on cyber warfare and a large section of A–Z reference entries related to this topic. The same detailed coverage is given to both social media and technology as they relate to conflict in the 21st century. Each of the three sections also includes an expansive bibliography that serves as a gateway for further research on these topics. The book ends with a detailed chronology that helps readers place all the key events in these areas.


  • Provides fascinating information about cyber weapons that effectively strike through cyberspace to weaken and even cripple its target
  • Demonstrates how social media is employed in conflicts in innovative ways, including communication, propaganda, and psychological warfare
  • Explores potential technology avenues related to ensuring the continued military advantages of the United States
  • Identifies and describes nuclear, precision, and other technological capabilities that have historically been the preserve of superpowers but have been newly acquired by various states
Author Info

Nicholas Michael Sambaluk, PhD, is associate professor at Air University's eSchool of Graduate Professional Military Education and an author on military history and military technology and innovation. His first book, The Other Space Race: Eisenhower and the Quest for Aerospace Security was named "Best Air Power History Book of 2016" by the Air Force Historical Foundation. He is also editor of Paths of Innovation in Warfare: From the Twelfth Century to the Present and has authored several articles for the journals Cyber Defense Review and Cold War History.



"These strengths and the fatality of some technologies described, as well as a thorough index and three broad topical bibliographies, make this a useful resource."Booklist

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