Guided Inquiry

Learning in the 21st Century, 2nd Edition

by Carol C. Kuhlthau, Leslie K. Maniotes, and Ann K. Caspari


Guided inquiry helps students develop strategies for deep learning within an authentic context.

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Cover image for Guided Inquiry

October 2015

Libraries Unlimited

Pages 254
Volumes 1
Size 7x10
Topics Librarian's Instructional Role/Inquiry Learning and Process, K-12
  Librarian's Instructional Role/Curriculum and Instruction, K-12

This dynamic approach to an exciting form of teaching and learning will inspire students to gain insights and complex thinking skills from the school library, their community, and the wider world.

Guided inquiry is a way of thinking, learning, and teaching that changes the culture of a school into a collaborative inquiry community. Global interconnectedness calls for new skills, new knowledge, and new ways of learning to prepare students with the abilities and competencies they need to meet the challenges of a changing world. The challenge for the information-age school is to educate students for living and working in this information-rich technological environment.

At the core of being educated today is knowing how to learn and innovate from a variety of sources. Through guided inquiry, students see school learning and real life meshed in meaningful ways. They develop higher order thinking and strategies for seeking meaning, creating, and innovating. Today's schools are challenged to develop student talent, coupling the rich resources of the school library with those of the community and wider world. How well are you preparing your students to draw on the knowledge and wisdom of the past while using today's technology to advance new discoveries in the future? This book is the introduction to guided inquiry. It is the place to begin to consider and plan how to develop an inquiry learning program for your students.


  • Identifies and explains the five kinds of learning accomplished through guided inquiry
  • Includes a new chapter on how to meet current curricular standards throughout inquiry learning
  • Introduces the Guided Inquiry Design framework
  • Describes guided inquiry's unique approach to transforming learning in today's schools
  • Discusses how to embed student research in the inquiry process at all grade levels
Author Info

Carol C. Kuhlthau is professor emerita of Library and Information Science at Rutgers University. She was founding director of CISSL–Rutgers Center for International Scholarship in School Libraries. Internationally known for her groundbreaking research on the information search process and the ISP model of thoughts, feelings, and actions in six stages of information seeking and use. Her published and coauthored works include Seeking Meaning: A Process Approach to Library and Information Services, Second Edition; Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century; and Guided Inquiry Design: A Framework for Inquiry in Your School, the latter two coauthored with Leslie K. Maniotes and Ann K. Caspari.

Leslie K. Maniotes, PhD, is owner and senior consultant of BLV Consulting. As author of the Guided Inquiry Design® series, she leads professional development institutes building capacity in collaborative teams of librarians and teachers for inquiry learning. She also works with district leaders to implement systems of support that wrap around inquiry learning for greater impact. Maniotes is a lifetime educator who has 11 years of classroom experience as a National Board Certified Teacher and 5 years' experience as a Teacher Effectiveness Coach and a K–12 literacy specialist in urban and rural Title 1 schools. She earned her master's degree from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro in Reading K–12 and her PhD from the University of Colorado at Boulder in Curriculum and Instruction in the Content Areas as well as an administration certification in urban educational leadership from the University of Denver. Her published works include Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century and Guided Inquiry Design: A Framework for Inquiry in Your School, both coauthored with Carol C. Kuhlthau and Ann K. Caspari.

Ann K. Caspari, MA, is education specialist at Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum and director of the professional development program for preschool teachers in the District of Columbia Public School on inquiry science for young learners. Her published works include Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century and Guided Inquiry Design: A Framework for Inquiry in Your School, both coauthored with Carol C. Kuhlthau and Leslie K. Maniotes. She holds a master's degree in museum education from George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Table of Contents


  • Illustrations Preface Introduction
  • PART I: THEORY, RESEARCH, AND DESIGN FRAMEWORK Chapter 1: Guided Inquiry – What is it, Why Now, What's New? Chapter 2: Constructivist Approach to Learning Chapter 3: Third Space - Connecting to the Students' World Chapter 4: The Research Base – Information Search Process (ISP) Chapter 5: Guided Inquiry Design Framework
  • PART II: INFORMATION LITERACY: A CONCEPTS APPROACH Chapter 6: Information Literacy Chapter 7: Information Literacy Curriculum
  • PART III: TEACHING AND LEARNING Chapter 8: Resources for a Rich Learning Environment Chapter 9: The Guided Inquiry Team Chapter 10: Interventions Chapter 11: Assessing and Evaluating Chapter 12: Five Kinds of Learning Chapter 13: Meeting Content Standards Chapter 14: Assessment for Five Kinds of Learning Chapter 15: Getting Started and Sustaining Change
  • Appendix A: Progression and Development of Kuhlthau's Information Search Process 2000-2015 Appendix B: Progression and Development of Kuhlthau's Information Search Process 1985-1989 Appendix C: Progression and Development of Kuhlthau's Information Search Process 1990-1999 Appendix D: Study Guide and Journal References Index



    "Guided Inquiry is complete with solid teaching practices, differentiated learning strategies, and useful toolkits. This dynamic approach integrates curricular standards throughout inquiry learning and embeds student research in the process. Informative figures, charts, frameworks, flow charts, indexes, and references transform learning. Guided Inquiry currently benefits students, educators, and administrators; in addition to future beneficiaries: parents, citizens, employers, and organizations."—Carmaine Ternes, Librarian, Researcher, Writer, Presenter

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