The Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars

A Political, Social, and Military History

by Spencer C. Tucker, Editor
James Arnold and Roberta Wiener, Editors, Documents Volume


On the cusp of the 20th century, victory over Spain in Cuba and the Philippines marked the beginning of the United States' emergence as a world power. With William Randolph Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer, and other media moguls fueling the country's sense of itself as a nation of destiny, the Spanish-American War also saw the capacity of the media to shape public opinion and national policy reach an unprecedented level.

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Cover image for The Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars

May 2009


Pages 993
Volumes 3
Size 8 1/2x11
Topics Military History/Conflict and Wars
  • Award Winner!




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A comprehensive overview of the wars that saw the United States emerge as a world power; one that had immense implications for America, especially in Latin America and Asia.

ABC-CLIO, acclaimed publisher of superior references on the United States at war, revisits a pivotal moment in America's coming-of-age with The Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars: A Political, Social, and Military History. Again under the direction of renowned scholar Spencer Tucker, the encyclopedia covers the conflict between the United States and Spain with a depth and breadth no other reference works can match.

The encyclopedia offers two complete volumes of alphabetically organized entries written by some of the world's foremost historians, covering everything from the course of the wars to relevant economic, social, and cultural matters in the United States, Spain, and other nations. Featuring a separate volume of primary-source documents and a wealth of images and maps, the encyclopedia portrays the day-to-day drama and lasting legacy of the war like never before, guiding readers through a seminal event in America's transition from the Gilded Age to the Progressive Era.


  • Over 600 alphabetically organized entries in two volumes, covering leading individuals, battles, weapons systems, and events in the United States, Spain, and other nations, as well as economic, cultural, and social topics
  • Written by expert contributors, with distinguished scholars of American military history and of the era in which the Spanish-American War took place
  • Over 150 primary-source documents in a separate volume giving readers firsthand access to the way the Spanish-American War unfolded and was experienced
  • 350 photographs and illustrations, as well as 16 maps, providing a rich array of images to help readers visualize the war's key events and lasting impact
  • An exceptionally extensive bibliography guiding readers to significant additional resources in print


  • Offers the most authoritative contemporary portrait of a true turning point in American history
  • Extends beyond the course of war itself to cover a full range of cultural, economic, and social issues
  • Offers a world-based view of the war, with significant coverage of Spain and other nations involved in the conflict
  • Gauges the unprecedented impact of the media on the war, including coverage of William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, as well as essays on communications, newspapers, the penny press, and yellow journalism
Author Info

Spencer C. Tucker, PhD, graduated from the Virginia Military Institute and was a Fulbright scholar in France. He was a U.S. Army captain and intelligence analyst in the Pentagon during the Vietnam War, then taught for 30 years at Texas Christian University before returning to his alma mater for 6 years as the holder of the John Biggs Chair of Military History. He retired from teaching in 2003. He is now Senior Fellow of Military History at ABC-CLIO. Dr. Tucker has written or edited 36 books, including ABC-CLIO's award-winning The Encyclopedia of the Cold War and The Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, as well as the comprehensive A Global Chronology of Conflict.

Roberta Wiener is managing editor for the Journal of Military History, a quarterly publication of the Society for Military History.



"Tucker, editor of several war encyclopedias for ABC-CLIO, lays out a comprehensive overview of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American wars, both of which changed the position of the United States in the world. The first two volumes contain over 600 signed A-to-Z entries that describe the most significant people, battles, events, and geographic locations from the United States and around the world, as well as more general cultural, social, and economic topics. Photographs and other images, such as maps and broadsides, accompany more than half of the entries. The third volume contains 153 primary-source documents from the period. Bottom Line ABC-CLIO is known for high-quality encyclopedias, and this one does not disappoint. It will provide researchers in academic and large public libraries with the context needed for further research."Library Journal

"Dealing with conflicts that receive comparatively little academic and popular attention, this set offers sweeping coverage of American victories over Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. ...Both accessible to the novice researcher and detailed enough for the scholar, this encyclopedia offers exceptional and unique coverage of an often-neglected aspect of U.S. history." Booklist

"This encyclopedia will be very valuable for all academic libraries supporting undergraduate and graduate programs in American, Asian, and Latino history, and for those libraries wishing to boost their late-19th-century/early-20th-century history collections. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-level undergraduates and above; general readers." Choice

"This work is recommended for large public libraries and all academic libraries, especially ones with strong collections in the Gilded Age/Progressive Era or military history."Reference & User Services Quarterly

"This scholarly encyclopedia is highly recommended for high school, public, and academic libraries."Lawrence Looks at Books

"This new work would be a solid acquisition for the military shelves of any big library."Reference Reviews

"Expert contributions from a team of scholars of American military history offer detailed articles, while a separate Documents Volume with over 150 primary-source texts provide extensive references suitable for any detailed student report."Midwest Book Review

"ABC-CLIO adds another title to its respected series of military history references with the recent release of the Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars: A Political, Social, and Military History. . . . Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars: A Political, Social, and Military History is easily the most thorough and comprehensive reference work dealing with these wars. Teaming with his co-editors James Arnold and Roberta Wiener, Mr. Tucker has produced an encyclopedia that meets the standards set in his previous award winning efforts. Both academic and larger public libraries will find it a useful addition to their collections."Against the Grain

"Spencer C. Tucker, Senior Fellow of Military History at ABC-CLIO, is editor of the encyclopedia and it possesses the same quality and depth associated with his many previous works, including his most recent encyclopedias on the Cold War (see ARBA 2008, entry 583) and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (see ARBA 2009, entry 127). . . . This encyclopedia is recommended for high school, public library, and undergraduate collections."ARBAonline

"This comprehensive encyclopedia provides detailed coverage of the era of the Spanish-American and Philippine- American wars that began to establish the emergence of the U.S. as a world power. Two volumes include more than 600 entries that cover individuals, battles, weapons, and events as well as economic, cultural, and social topics. A third volume includes documents with more than 150 primary source texts which provides readers firsthand access to how the wars began and the experiences of participants. The encyclopedia also includes more than 350 illustrations, photographs, and maps. An extensive bibliography also is included. Tucker is emeritus in military history at the Virginia Military Institute."Reference & Research Book News


Outstanding Academic Title, 2009 — Choice

Outstanding Reference Source, 2010 — Reference and User Services Association [RUSA]

Distinguished Book Award, 2010 — Society for Military History

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