Emergency Management

A Reference Handbook

by Jeffrey B. Bumgarner


A hurricane floods a major American city, leaving 1,800 people dead and thousands homeless. A tsunami in Indonesia kills 200,000 people in minutes. A sarin attack in the Japanese subway poisons 12 people and sends thousands more to the hospital. These are the life-and-death scenarios that the discipline of emergency management tackles—with logistics, computer modeling, and ingenuity.

Print Flyer
Cover image for Emergency Management

January 2008


Pages 293
Volumes 1
Size 6x9
Topics Politics, Law, and Government/U.S. Public Policy and Administration

This work is the first nontechnical guide to the principles, practices, policies, and profession of emergency management.

The monumental natural and humanmade disasters of the 20th century, which killed 25 million people in Asia alone, have underscored the need for professional and coordinated disaster response worldwide. This book examines the profession and practice of emergency management in the United States, at the United Nations, and around the globe.

Emergency Management explores the history and development of the discipline from the first federal disaster relief proclamation in 1803 to the present day. It also analyzes current debates over when and how emergency resources are best utilized, and the laws and public policies that govern emergencies. An essential source for secondary and college students, and for all citizens who want to understand emergency preparedness.


  • Numerous primary source documents include key legislation as well as FEMA policies and publications
  • A chronology lists major disasters in the United States along with key emergency management developments


  • Traces pivotal developments in the profession of emergency management in the United States
  • Summarizes key principles and practices of emergency management in reader-friendly, nontechnical language
  • Chronicles the practice of emergency management efforts at the United Nations and around the world
Series Description

Contemporary World Issues

This award-winning series offers comprehensive, one-volume reference handbooks on important topics related to health, education, the environment, and social and ethical issues.

24-hour cable news. Millions of Internet sites. Information overload. How can we sort through the information? Assess the analyses? Trust the sources?

A world of questions demands a library of answers. Contemporary World Issues covers the controversial topics that students, readers, and citizens want to read about, write about, and know more about.


  • Subject coverage spans six main categories:
  • Criminal Justice
  • Environment
  • Gender and Ethnicity
  • Politics, Law, and Government
  • Science, Technology, and Medicine
  • Society
  • Each volume offers a rich array of resources:
  • A background and history essay that provides essential context and grounding for further study
  • A balanced summary of ongoing controversies and proposed solutions that show numerous paths for further research on pressing, contemporary questions
  • A forum of authoritative perspective essays by experts, offering a broad spectrum of arguments on the issues
  • Carefully selected annotated documents, tables, and graphs that supports statistical literacy and investigation of primary sources
  • A chronology of events, legislation, and movements that place events in sequence and draw connections between them
  • Annotated lists of print, Web, and multimedia resources that power the next steps for in-depth research
  • Profiles of key players and organizations
  • A glossary of key terms
Author Info

Jeffrey B. Bumgarner, PhD, is associate professor of criminal justice at Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX. His published works include Federal Agents: The Growth of Federal Law Enforcement in America and ABC-CLIO's Profiling and Criminal Justice in America.

Table of Contents

CONTENTSPreface1 Background and History History of Emergency Management and Disaster Response Defining Disasters Types of Disasters Fundamentals of Emergency Management, Mitigation Preparedness Response Recovery2 Problems, Solutions, and Controversies Sociology of Disasters Disaster Victimology Impact of First Responders The Question of Federalism The Public Policy Process Federal Emergency Management Efforts State Emergency Management Efforts Private Organization Emergency Management Efforts Debate Over Emergency Management Resources Natural Disasters or Terrorism Key Cities or Nationwide Efforts3 Worldwide Perspective Emergency Management: A Global Responsibility Disaster Vulnerabilities by Region Asia Africa Latin America Europe Comparative Emergency Management Activities and Readiness China Australia India Trinidad and Tobago Argentina Nigeria Civil Unrest, Ethnic Conflict, and Terrorism4 Chronology 5 Biographical Sketches Joe Allbaugh (1952- ) Clara Barton (1821-1912) Julius W. Becton, Jr. (1926- ) B. Wayne Blanchard (unknown - ) Mabel Boardmand (1860-1946) William Booth (1829-1912) Michael D. Brown (1954- ) James E. Carter (1924- ) Isaac M. Cline (1864-1955) Michael Chertoff (1953- ) Rudolph W.L. Giuliani III (1944- ) Louis O. Giuffrida (unknown- ) James Loy (1942- ) John W. Macy, Jr. (1917-1986) John W. Magaw (unknown- ) Robert Mueller (1944- ) Clarence Ray Nagin, Jr. (1956- ) Robert D. Paulison (1947- ) Tom Ridge (1945- ) Robert T. Stafford (1913-2006) Wallace E. Stickney (1934- ) William Howard Taft (1857-1930) Gordon F. Vickery (1920-1996) James Lee Witt (1944- )6 Data and Documents Key Executive Orders and Legislation Executive Order 12127--Creation of FEMA Robert T. Stafford Relief and Emergency Assistance Act Homeland Security Act of 2002 Key Testimony Before Congress Opening Statement of R. David Paulison Statement of George W. Foresman7 Directory of Organizations Private Organizations Adventist Community Services (ACS) American Radio Relay League, Inc. (ARRL) American Red Cross Catholic Charities USA Disaster Response Christian Disaster Response (CDR) Church of the Brethren Emergency Response Church World Service (CWS) Disaster Response Episcopal Relief and Development International Relief Friendship Foundation (IRFF) Lutheran Disaster Response (LDR) Medical Teams International (MTI) Mennonite Disaster Services National Emergency Response Team (NERT) Nazarene Disaster Response (NDR) The Points of Light Foundation REACT International The Salvation Army USA Southern Baptist Disaster Relief UJC Federations of North America Volunteers of America World Vision Associations and Resource Centers American Civil Defense Association (ACDA) Association of State Floodplain Managers Center for Homeland Security and Defense Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response Association (DERA) International Association of Emergency Managers (IAEM) Natural Hazards Center National Emergency Management Association Government Agencies United States Government Agencies Emergency Management Institute (EMI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Protective Service (FPS) National Guard Bureau National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) U.S. Civil Air Patrol (CAP) U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) U.S. Fire Administration U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) State Emergency Management Agencies International Agencies/Organizations International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Organization of American States (OAS) United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) United Nations Relief Web8 Resources Summary of Selected Scholarship Relating to Emergency Management Books, Government Publications, and Videos Books Government Publications Videos GlossaryIndexAbout the Author



"The section on background issues is insightful and the pages devoted to the broader concept of emergency management establish perspective for the rest of the book. . . . [T]he book should find a home in school and public libraries."ARBA

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