Contrary to popular belief, few benefits of their vast gambling enterprises ever make it into the hands of the majority of Native Americans. With a shocking 39.4 percent living below the poverty line and 22 percent going hungry or living on the edge of hunger, Native peoples on reservations are the poorest demographic group in the United States.
This handbook provides an unbiased, in-depth assessment of the struggles, successes, and status of Native Americans in what is now the United States from the time of the first European settlers to the present.
Native American Issues: A Reference Handbook, Second Edition explores the history, problems, and contemporary issues faced by peoples of Native American heritage. From the Indian Removal Act of 1830 to the "Twenty Points" platform advanced by the American Indian Movement in the 1970s to the massive budget cuts of the 1980s, readers will discover how the well-being of Native Americans has been affected by federal and state policies.
Refocusing the first edition's underlying theme of sovereignty to highlight issues related to community, this extensively updated volume addresses the greatest single change in the condition of Native Americans in the last decade—the proliferation of gambling enterprises. Issues such as land claims, use of natural resources, sacred sites, governments, and stereotyping are examined from the perspective of strengthening community.
• A chronology examines the impact of actions such as the 1972 March on Washington, the Dawes Act, and litigation such as Bryan v. Itasca County on Native American communities
• Includes a comprehensive annotated bibliography of books and nonprint resources
• Explains the role of—and rewards reaped by—non-Native entrepreneurs running gaming operations on reservation lands
• Introduces the tribal chiefs, the crooks, and the other characters who launched and helped spread gambling enterprises
• Gives the positives (gambling money means tribal survival) and the negatives (gambling can lead to tribal exploitation, scams, and theft) of relying on gambling as a revenue source