A comprehensive examination of American women scientists across the sciences throughout the 20th century, providing a rich historical context for understanding their achievements and the way they changed the practice of science.
In the U.S., women continue to be demonstrably underrepresented in the scientific professions, where the competitive playing field is still not equal. But there is no question that in the last 100 years, American women scientists have made significant advancements, contributing breakthroughs in everything from genetics to computers to household products while opening up the culture of the profession.
Much more than a "Who's Who," this exhaustive two-volume encyclopedia examines the significant achievements of 20th century American women across the sciences in light of the historical and cultural factors that affected their education, employment, and research opportunities. With coverage that includes a number of scientists working today, the encyclopedia shows just how much the sciences have evolved as a professional option for women, from the dawn of the 20th century to the present.
American Women of Science since 1900 focuses on 500 of the 20th century's most notable American women scientists—many overlooked, undervalued, or simply not well known. In addition, it offers individual features on 50 different scientific disciplines (Women in Astronomy, etc.), as well as essays on balancing career and family, girls and science education, and other sociocultural topics. Readers will encounter some extraordinary scientific minds at work, getting a sense of the obstacles they faced as the scientific community faced the questions of feminism and gender confronting the nation as a whole.
500 alphabetically organized entries on American women scientists in the 20th century, including genetics pioneers Barbara McClintock and Rosalind Franklin, Scotchgard inventor Patsy Sherman, and developer of the word processor Evelyn Berezin.
50 brief essays on women in specific scientific disciplines, exploring how each specific field dealt with gender issues
10 essays on sociocultural issues, including gender in popular science, girls in scientific education, balancing career and family)
Chronologies of important historical developments, professional awards, and scientific "firsts"
Extensive bibliography of reference and other works cited in the entries as well as up-to-date bibliography of scholarly books, articles, and websites related to specific issues in women's science education and employment
Indexes organized by subject, key word, and scientific discipline
Contributes to women's history studies by showing how women's contributions have shaped scientific knowledge and discoveries in the 20th-century U.S.
Includes essays on as many as 50 specific disciplines and index of names by specific discipline will allow researchers to easily locate information on a particular scientific field or topic (for example, women in physics, math, astronomy, etc...).
Provides most up-to-date information on scientists still working in the 21st century who can serve as current relevant role models for the next generation of female scientists.
Expands beyond a traditional reference book by providing up-to-date scholarly analysis of issues affecting women's education, employment and research questions, and methodologies from a feminist perspective.