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Globalization has been defined as a process in which the population of the world is increasingly bonded into a single society. Although none of the contributors to this collection denies the thrust toward convergence that is implicit in globalizing processes, each contributor also concludes that globalization encourages differentiation. Integration in the global system is not a passive process. In different nations, people analyze and interpret what is happening and respond by developing policies, forming new institutions and changing existing ones. They adopt broad cultural models in order to function effectively in the larger system and they also draw upon their particular traditions, values, institutions and resources to define a place that will be to their advantage economically, politically and socio-culturally. As the studies presented in this book show, integration in the world system may benefit a given society or may harm it; it may entail changes to a society's culture, but does not obliterate a society's distinctive characteristics.
- Topic Centers
AcknowledgmentsIntroduction: Rethinking the Impact of Globalization Processes-Differentiation As Well As Convergence by Raymond Breton and Jeffrey G. ReitzInternational RelationsTrends in Inequality: Toward a World-Systems Analysis by Roberto Patricio Korzeniewicz, Timothy P. Moran, and Angela StachU.S. Foreign Policy and the Foundations of World Order by Louis W. PaulyCosmopolitan Ghosts and Resistance Communities: Québec City's Sumit of the Americas and the Making of Transnational Subjects by André C. DrainvilleLabor Relations and Social InequalityGlobalization and the Great U-Turns: Income Inequality Trends in 16 OECD Countries by Arthur S. Alderson and François NielsenWorkplace Change in the New Economy: Getting Lean and Flexible by James RinehartReviving the Labor Movement: Rank-and-File Mobilization in the United States, Britain, and Germany by Lowell TurnerCulture and Social ValuesTechnological Change, Cultural Change, and Democracy by Ronald InglehartPolitics versus Markets: A Note on the Uses of Double Standards by Axel van den BergReligions in Global Society: Transnational Resource and Globalized Category by Peter BeyerInformation and Knowledge InstitutionsScience, Technology, Education, and Economy in Centers and Peripheries by Thomas SchottReinventing Birmingham, England, in a Globalized Information Economy by Frank WebsterThe Penetration of Profit Taking in Higher Education and Academic Freedom by Sheila SlaughterNationalism and Migration, Ethnicity and LanguageMigration and Community Formation under Conditions of Globalization by Stephen CastlesEducational Expansion and the Employment Success of Immigrants in the United States and Canada, 190-90 by Jeffrey G. ReitzNationalism and the New Economy by John A. HallPolitics and Democratic RepresentationChanging Citizenship Regimes in Western Europe by Jane JensonSome Political Consequences of Economic Globalization by Albert BretonThe Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities by Francis G. CastlesIndexContributors